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Flashcards in Week 1 Deck (10)
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1

5 parts of differential diagnosis

1. PMH and family history
2. Risk factor assessment
3. Clinical presentation
4. Associated S/S
5. Systems review

2

Primary prevention

Stopping the process (es) that lead to the development of diseases, illnesses, and other pathologic health conditions through education, risk factor reduction, and health promotion.

3

Secondary prevention

Early detection of diseases, illnesses, and other pathologic health conditions through regular screening. This does NOT prevent the condition, but may decrease the duration/severity of disease and improve outcome and QOL.
Ex. HTN, osteoporosis, incontinence

4

Tertiary prevention

Providing ways to limit the degree of disability while improving function in patients/clients with chronic and/or irreversible diseases

5

Health promotion and wellness

Providing education and support to help patients/clients make choices that will promote health or improved health

6

Constitutional symptoms

Fever, diaphoresis, sweats, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, pallor, dizziness/syncope, fatigue, weight loss

7

Screening for medical referral

WHAT PTs DO!
-determining whether the individual has a condition that can be addressed by PT intervention, and, if not, then whether the condition requires evaluation by a medical doctor

8

Medical screening

WHAT MDs DO!
-a method for detecting disease or body dysfunction before an individual would normally seek medical care
-tests are usually administered to individuals who do not have current symptoms, bu tmay be at high risk for adverse health outcomes

9

Boisonnault decision making outcomes

1. Refer
2. Treat
3. Refer and treat

10

Review of contraindications to therapy

-uncontrolled CHF/pulmonary edema
-active myocarditis
-resting HR 120-130
-resting sbp 180-200
-resting dbp 105-110
-moderate dizziness/near syncope
-marked dyspnea
-unusual fatigue
-unsteadiness
-irregular pulse w/ symptoms of dizziness, nausea, SOB, loss of palpable pulse
-post-op posterior calf pain
-diabetics:
*target 60-110 mg/DL
*precautions: 250