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Anatomy & Physiology > Blood Cells > Flashcards

Flashcards in Blood Cells Deck (42):
1


What is plasma

The fluid portion of blood with cloting factors that makes up 45% to 78% of blood volume

2


Where is blood stored when the body doesn't need all of its blood circulating?


The spleen

3

What is the average life span of a red blood cell in dogs?

110 days

4

What is the process of aging in red blood cells called?

senescence

5

Homeostasis

Normal state of the body -composition of body tissue fluid is maintained as constant as possible. 

 

BODY LIKE SAME  :  )

5

Hemoconcentration

Less plasma in bloodstream, and cells become more concentrated.

7

Hemodilution

Extra fluid in the plasma which dilutes the cells.

8


Polymorphonuclear


A multilobed, segmented nucleus

8

Phagocytosis

When a cell ingests a microorganism

9

Pleomorphic


Non-segmented nucleus with varying shapes

9


What is the difference between plasma and serum?

Plasma is whole blood without cells.  Serum is whole blood without the cells and clotting elements.

(Or Plasma without the clotting factors.)

11

What is Anemia?

A condition where there is decreased oxygen carrying capacity of the blood.  This is caused by there not being enough red blood cells, hemoglobin concentration or both.

12

What makes up 93% of plasma?

Water

13

What is Hemoglobin?

The protein in RBCs that gives them their red color and allows them to carry oxygen

14

Term used for aging cells

Senescence

15

2 normal physiological states of hemoglobin

Oxyhemoglobin and Deoxyhemoglobin

16

what is the normal pcv (packed cell volume) range for a cat

24% - 45%

17

what is the normal pcv (packed cell volume) range for a dog

37% - 55%

19

When would an eosinophil be present and why?

At the site of an allergic reaction, their granules contain anti-inflammatory properties.

19

3 - types of lymphocytes

T - lymphocytes (B- cells)

B - lymphocytes  (T- cells)

Natural Killer (NK) cells

21

What is produced during the breakdown of hemoglobin?

Bilirubin

22

What is the purpose of hemoglobin?

Transport oxygen to tissues..

23

Which blood cell is responsible for carrying oxygen to the tissues?

RBCs

24

Which WBC produces antibodies?

Lymphocytes

25

Where do blood cells originate?

Bone marrow

26

what WBCs are agranulocytes

Lymphocytes, monocytes

27


Which WBCs are granulocytes

Eosinophils, Basophils, neutrophils

28

True or False: Both T cells & B cells can become memory cells.

True

29

What are the 3 main functions of blood

Transportation, Regulation, & Defense

30

What are the 4 primary functions of the lymphatic system

Removal of excess tissue fluid, Waste material transport, Filtration of lymph, & Protein transport.

31


Erythrocyte

Red Blood Cell

32

Thrombocyte

Platelet

33

Leukocyte

White Blood Cell

34

What are 3 plasma proteins?

Albumins, Globulins and Fibrinogen

35

What do lymphocytes produce?

Antibodies

35

Erthroctyes are formed in bone marrow by a process  called?

Hematopoeisis

37

What does the blood transport?

Oxygen

Nutrients

Waste

Hormones

38

List the 5 WBC types

Neutrophil

Monocyte

Lymphocyte

Eosinophil

Basophil

39

What does the blood regulate?

body temperature

tissue fluid content

blood ph

40

Erythropoietin is a hormone made by the kindeys. What does this have to do with RBCs?

Erythropoietin stimulates bone marrow to increase the relase of RBCs

41

Define Hypoxia

low levels of oxygen in the blood

42

What does serum have that plasma does not?

fibrinogen and other clotting factors