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Anatomy & Physiology > Renal > Flashcards

Flashcards in Renal Deck (39):
1


Anuria

No urine is being passed from the body

2

Correct path of urinary excretion

kidneys, ureters, urinary bladder, urethra.

3

ADH

Antidiuretic hormone

3

Erythropoietin

Hormone necessary for red blood cell production

4

What is the term for the presence of glucose in urine?

Glycosuria

5

What is urolithiasis?


Condition of having urinary stones

6


Where does most tubular secretion take place?

In the distal convoltued tubule (DCT).

6


What is the difference between polyuria and pollakuria?


Polyuria means an increase in volume of urine

Pollakiuria means in an increase in frequency of urination

7

What does the kidney maintain?

Homeostasis

BODY LIKE SAME

7

Which substances are eliminated by secretion?

Hydrogen, potassium and ammmonia.

9

What does it mean when the kidneys are referred to be located retroperitoneal?

outside (behind or dorsal to) the abdominal cavity

10

Function of kidneys?

Filtration, reabsorption, secretion
Fluid balance regulation
Acid-base balance regulation
Production of hormones

 

10

The urinary system removes...

urea, salts, water, and other soluble waste products

11


Diuresis

Producing and passing large amounts of urine

13

where does reabsorbtion take place

in the PCTs and the loop of Henle

14

the inside of the Bladder is lined with ?

transitional epithelium cells

16

What does the Hormone Aldosterone do

stimulates sodium reabsorption in the Kidney

17

What hormones do the kidneys produce?

erythropoietin and prostaglandin

18

Where do blood and lymph vessels, nerves and ureters enter/leave the kidney?

Hilus

20

List the 4 parts of a nephron in order.

Renal corpuscle, proximal convoluted tubule, loop of Henle, and a distal convoluted tubule.

20

What are the 3 main mechanisms by which the kidneys carry out their waste elimination role?

1. Filtration of blood 2. Reabsorption of useful substance back into the bloodstream. 3. Secretion of waste products from the blood into the tubules of the nephron.

22

What is glomerular filtration rate (GFR)?

The term used to describe how fast plasma is filtered as it passes through the glomerulus.

23

Where does blood filtration occur?

Renal corpuscle

24


The kidney's nerve supply comes from where?

Sympathetic portion of the Autonomic nervous system.

24

What organs make up the Renal system

2 kidney's 2 ureters 1 urinary blader and 1 urethra

25


Where does most tubular secretion take place?

The distal convoluted tubule

27

Name the artery and the vein that supply and drain blood from the kidney?

Renal artery and the Renal Vein

27

What is micturition?

Urination

29

What symptom is common in FLUTD?

Presesnce of Uroliths(stones)

30


Oliguria

passing small amounts of urine

31

The renal corpuscle is made up of the ____ and _____.

Glomerulus, Bowman's capsule

32

What is urolithiasis?

The presence of urinary stones

33

What is the nephron?

The basic functional unit of the kidney

34

What is the functional unit if the kidney?

Nephron

35

What are the 2 parts of the renal corpuscle?

outer - bowmans capsule , inner - glomerulus

36

What are 2 other names for urination?

Uresis, Micturition

37

The kidneys are covered by what?

Fibrous connective tissue capsule

38

The efferent glomerular arterioles divide into capillaries that surrond the nephron, what are these capillaries called?

peritubular capillaries 

39

Where is the Renal corpuscle located?

in the cortex of the kidney