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Anatomy & Physiology > Skeletal > Flashcards

Flashcards in Skeletal Deck (30):
1

A large, round articular surface of a bone

Condyle

2

A flat articular surface of a bone

Facet

3

A depressed or sunken area on the surface of a bone

Fossa

4

What are the 3 types of cells that make up a bone?

1. Osteoblasts 2. Osteocytes 3. Osteoclasts

5

What is difference between adduction and abduction?

Adduction is the movement of an extremity toward the median plane. Abduction is a movement away from the median plane.

6

What is os cordis?

A bonding the heart of cattle and sheep that helps support the valves of the heart.

7

2 types of bones

spongy, cancellous bone; heavy, dense compact bone

8

2 bones that form the antebrachium

ulna and radius

9

The 3 bones that make up the pelvis?

Ilium, Ischium, and Pubis

10

Ribs are what type of bones?

Flat bones

11

What are the three general classifications of joints?

Fibrous joints, cartilaginous joints, and synovial joints

12

What are the 4 classes of synovial joints?

Hinge joints, Gliding joints, Pivot joints, and ball-and-socket joints

13

What is the axial skeleton?

Bones found on the midline or attached to it (excluding the limbs).

14

What is the appendicular skeleton?

All bones that are present in the limbs.

15

What is another name for the diaphysis?

Shaft

16

blood cell formation is called ?

hematopoiesis

17


what are the 4 basic bone shapes

long, short, flat, irregular

18

a hole in a bone is called ?

foramen

19

List the 2 internal bones of the cranium

Ethmoid and sphenoid

20

How many cervical, thoracic, lumbar and sacral vertebrae do the dog and cat have? 

C 7, T 13, L 7, S 3

21

The socket portion of the hip joint (where the head of the femur sits) is called?

Acetabulum

22

Yellow marrow is found in the _____ of the long bones

Medullary cavity.

23

The outermost layer of a long bone

Periosteum.

24

T of F

All mammals have 7 cervical vertebrae

False.

25

5 functions of the bones

support, protection, leverage, storage, and blood cell formation.

26

T or F The volkmanns canal run horizontal in the bone

True

27

T or F Most limb bones are long bones?

True

28

Two main types of bone are?

Cancellous and compact

29

What is the most abundent skeletal cartliage?

Hyaline

30

Where do osteocytes live in?

Lucunae