A large, round articular surface of a bone
A flat articular surface of a bone
A depressed or sunken area on the surface of a bone
What are the 3 types of cells that make up a bone?
1. Osteoblasts 2. Osteocytes 3. Osteoclasts
What is difference between adduction and abduction?
Adduction is the movement of an extremity toward the median plane. Abduction is a movement away from the median plane.
What is os cordis?
A bonding the heart of cattle and sheep that helps support the valves of the heart.
2 types of bones
spongy, cancellous bone; heavy, dense compact bone
2 bones that form the antebrachium
ulna and radius
The 3 bones that make up the pelvis?
Ilium, Ischium, and Pubis
Ribs are what type of bones?
What are the three general classifications of joints?
Fibrous joints, cartilaginous joints, and synovial joints
What are the 4 classes of synovial joints?
Hinge joints, Gliding joints, Pivot joints, and ball-and-socket joints
What is the axial skeleton?
Bones found on the midline or attached to it (excluding the limbs).
What is the appendicular skeleton?
All bones that are present in the limbs.
What is another name for the diaphysis?
blood cell formation is called ?
what are the 4 basic bone shapes
long, short, flat, irregular
a hole in a bone is called ?
List the 2 internal bones of the cranium
Ethmoid and sphenoid
How many cervical, thoracic, lumbar and sacral vertebrae do the dog and cat have?
C 7, T 13, L 7, S 3
The socket portion of the hip joint (where the head of the femur sits) is called?
Yellow marrow is found in the _____ of the long bones
The outermost layer of a long bone
T of F
All mammals have 7 cervical vertebrae
5 functions of the bones
support, protection, leverage, storage, and blood cell formation.
T or F The volkmanns canal run horizontal in the bone
T or F Most limb bones are long bones?
Two main types of bone are?
Cancellous and compact
What is the most abundent skeletal cartliage?
Where do osteocytes live in?