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Flashcards in Bones Deck (25):
0

Proximal In the long bone

Epiphysis

1

Middle bone long bone

Diaphysis

2

Distal in long bones

Epiphysis

3

Ear bones

Auditory ossicles

4

Hammer

Malleus

5

Anvil

Incus

6

Stirrup

Stapes

7

Fracture

Any crack, break, or shattering of the bone

8

Long bones

Relatively long and slender long bones are located in the arm and forearm, thigh, and leg, palms, soles, fingers, and toes. The femur, the long bones of the thigh, is the largest and heaviest bone in the body

9

Flat bones

Have thin, roughly parallel surfaces flat bones from the roof of the skull, the sternum, the ribs, and the scapula. They provide protection for underlying soft tissues and offer an extensive surface area

10

Short bones

Are small and boxy.

11

Irregular bones

Have complex shapes with short, flat, notched, or Rodgers surfaces.

12

Sesamoid bones

Are generally small, flat, and shapes somewhat like a sesame seed. They develop inside tendons and are most commonly located near joints at the knees, hands, and the feet

13

Sesamoid patellae

Knee caps but individuals vary in terms of the location and abundance

14

Sutural bones

Wormian bones are small, flat, iregularly shaped bones between the flat bones of the school.

15

Pott's fracture

Occurs at the ankle and affects both bonds of the leg

16

Comminuted fracture

This fracture of the femur, shatter the affected area into a multitude of bony, fragments

17

Transverse

Break a shaft bones across its long axis

18

Spiral

Produced by twisting stresses that spread along the length of the bone

19

Displaced

Produce new and abnormal bone arrangements

20

Nondisplaced fracture

Retain the normal alignment of the bones or fragments

21

Colle's

A break in the distal portion of the radius, is typically the result of reaching out to cushion s fall

22

Greenstick

Only one side of the shaft is broken, and the other is bent. This typically occurs in children whose long bones have yet to ossity fully

23

Epiphyseal

Tend to occur where the bone matrix is undergoing calcification and chondrocytes are dying.

24

Compression

Occur in vertebrae subjected to extreme stresses such as those produced by the forces that arise when you land on your seat in a fall