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Anatomy > Brain > Flashcards

Flashcards in Brain Deck (44):
1

Heart rate

Medulla oblonga

2

Body temperature

Hypothalamus

3

Posture

Cerebellum

4

Ongoing body movement

Basal nuclei of cerebellum

5

Relaying incoming signals to the cerebrum

Thalamus

6

Creates memories

Cerebrum

7

Stores and receives memories

Hippocampus

8

The sleep/wake cycle

Pineal gland

9

Your motivation to complete this study guide

Limbic system

10

Speech

Broca's/ werniche's

11

Vision

Cerebrum/ occipital lobe

12

Problem solving

Frontal lobe

13

Hunger pains

Hypothalamus

14

Septum pellucidum

Separates left and right lateral ventricles

15

Corpus callosum

Connects left and right cerebral hemi's

16

Vermis

Separates left and right cerebellum hemi

17

Arachnoid granulation

absorption of CSF

18

Choroid plexus

Production of CSF

19

Amygdala

Emotions

20

Prefrontal cortex

Link consequence with action and emotion

21

Somatic nerve

Senses/ incoming

22

Motor nerve

Movement outgoing

23

Mixed nerve

Both directions

24

Duda mater

Outermost menignge

25

Dural fold

Infolding of dura

26

Spinal tap

CSF removed from subarachnoid space around cord

27

Epidural block

Anthemic added to epidural space

28

damaged amgydala

No emotion

29

Motor
Speech area

Cannot speak clearly but can understand

30

Interpretation area

cannot understand complex commands can speak

31

Cerebellum

No balance or coordination

32

Basal nuclei in the mesencephalon

Parkinson's trouble continuing a motion

33

Olfactory nerve

Can not smell

34

Facial nerve, causing it to swell

Bell's palsy, paralysis on one side, usually reversible over time

35

Prefrontal cortex

No time sequence or consequence for actions

36

Pineal glands

Odd sleep/ wake cycle bad circadian rhythm

37

Corpus callosum

Servere retardation, little or no communication between the hemi's

38

What would decreased diffusion across the arachnoid granulation affect the volume of CSF in the ventricles

CSF volume increases, puts pressure on brain- hydrocephalus results

39

Many water-soluble molecules that are relatively abundant in the blood occur in small amounts or not at all in the extracellular fluid of the Brian. Why?

BBB only lets lipid-based substances pass through the ependymal layer of cells that envelop the cups

40

The medulla oblongata, if damaged can cause death, whereas similar damage in the cerebrum may go unnoticed. Explain

M.o. Controls vitals and lack will kill you

41

What exact causes the pain when you have a headache? Why are migraine headaches so intense

Headaches are due to scalp pain referred by neck m. Dehydration
Migraines- more intense cause scalp pain

42

Why are females better at multitasking when compared to males

Females have a wider
Corpus, and can coordinate the cerebral hemi more effectively as compared to males

43

At what age does the brain too growing larger

Stops growing around 4 and begins to shrink at 55

44

Blood pressure

Medulla oblonga