Nomenclature-Skeletal Muscles Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Nomenclature-Skeletal Muscles Deck (74):
0

Parallel to midline

Rectus

1

Perpendicular to midline

Transversus

2

At an angle to midline

Oblique

3

Example of a muscle perpendicular to midline

Transverse thoracic m.

4

Example of a muscle parallel to midline

Rectus femoris

5

An example of a muscle at an angle to midline

Internal oblique m.

6

Short

Brevis

7

Largest

Maximus

8

Long

Longus

9

Smallest

Minimus

10

Example of a largest muscle

Gluteus Maximus m.

11

Example of a short muscle

Adductor brevis

12

Example of a smallest muscle

Gluteus minimus m.

13

Example of a long muscle

Palmaris longus m.

14

Two origins

Biceps

15

Three origins

Triceps

16

Four origins

Quadriceps

17

Triangular

Deltoid

18

Diamond

Rhomboid

19

Trapezoid

Trapezius

20

Saw-toothed

Serratus

21

Two origins example

Biceps brachii m.

22

Three origins example

Triceps brachii

23

Four origins example

Quadriceps m. Group

24

Triangular example

Deltoid

25

Diamond example

Rhomboid major m.

26

Trapezoid m.

Trapezius m.

27

Saw-toothed example

Sarratus anterior m.

28

Decreases angle at joint

Flextor

29

Increases angle at joint

Extensor

30

Moves away from midline

Abductor

31

Downward movement

Depressor

32

Upward movement

Levator

33

Turn palms outward

Supanator

34

Turn palms posteriorly

Pronator

35

Decreases size of opening

Spinkter

36

Makes more ridged

Tensor

37

Moves at longitudinal axis

Rotator

38

Flexor ex.

Flexor digitorum

39

Extensor m.

Extensor digitorum

40

Abductor m.

Abductor polycuslongus m.

41

Depressor m.

Depressor labii inferioris

42

Levator m.

Levator labii inferioris m.

43

Supanator m.

Supanator m.

44

Pronator m.

Pronator teres. M.

45

Spinkter m.

Anal spinkter.

46

Rotator m.

Rotator cuff. M.

47

Laughter

Risorius m.

48

Like a tailor

Sartorius

49

Trumpeter

Buccinator m.

50

Origin

Proximal end of muscle, usually starts on bone

51

Insertion

Distal end of muscle, can end at:
•bone •skin • aponeurosis •another muscle • tendon

52

Sternocleidomastoid muscle insertion? Orgin?

Origin? Sternum and clavicle
Insertion? Mastoid process

53

Ex. Of a parallel muscle

Sartorius m.

54

Convergent

Fascicles merge

55

Ex convergent

Pectoralis at end of major

56

Penn ate

Feather like, fascicles at angle to tendon

57

Unipennate

Extensor digitorum m.

58

Bipennate

Rectus femoris m.

59

Mulitpennate

Deltoid m.

60

Circular

Guard entrances and exits

61

Ex circular

Orbicularis oculi. M.

62

Levers

Allow muscles to change force, speed, or direction movement

63

Lever def

Rigid structure like a bond

64

Fulcrum

Fixed point like joint

65

Applied force

The contraction muscle

66

Resistance

Bone to be moved

67

1st class lever

Compare to a seesaw few in body. Fulcrum middle

68

2nd class lever

Compare to a wheelbarrow, few in body. Ex) plantar flexation resistance in middle

69

3rd class lever

Compare to tweezers most common in body. Applied force in middle. Ex?) elbow flexation

70

Agonist

Prime mover the muscle hat is being contracted

71

Antagonist

Muscles that oppose the prime mover or is extending/stretching

72

Synergist

Muscle that aids the prime mover to work efficiently; small muscle

73

Fixator

Muscle that stabilizes the prime mover by preventing movement. At another joint