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Flashcards in Bordeaux Deck (37):

Bordeaux rouge and Bordeaux superior account for what percentage of total production?

45% of total production


What it comes to branding and AOC's there are three known facts:

1. The chateau brand is more important than the vineyard

2. Local classification systems are more important than AOC's when it comes to determining price.

3. Highest ranking in AOC for majority of the region is commune level


What is a chateau?

Estate under single ownership. The size of the chateau varies with purchase or sale of vinyards. Chateau petrus has increased by 50% since 1969


What is a Courtier

The middleman between the chateaux and the Bordeaux merchants, very little top Bordeaux is sold directly.


What is en premier sales

Early release of wines for sale.( futures)


What are the primary white grape varieties of Bordeaux

Semilllon, Sauvignon blanc, muscadelle


What are the primary grape varieties for reds

Cabernet Sauvignon, merlot, Cabernet franc, Malbec, petite Verdot


What are the two typical blend of Bordeaux

Medoc communes (left bank)
St-Emilion and pomerol (right bank)


What is the difference between left bank blends and right bank blends

Left bank (70% cab and 30% merlot)
Right bank (70% merlot and 30% cab)

90-100% merlot in pomerol


What is the climate and soil type of Bordeaux

Maritime climate

Medoc/Northern Graves = Gravel
St. Emilion = gravel over limestone
Pomerol = iron pan under sand and clay


What was the medoc classification of 1855?

It is when emperor Napoleon III commissioned the union de Bordeaux to classify its best wine for display at the universal exhibition in Paris


How many properties are included in the Medoc classification of 1855.

61 properties in the medoc plus one in graves


How many growths are there through category

1er - 5
2eme - 14
3eme - 14
4eme - 10
5eme - 18


What was the only change in 1973 to the medoc classification

Chateau Mouton Rothschild (2 to 1)


What are the medoc first growths

Chateau Lafite Rothschild
Chateau Margaux
Chateau Haut Brion (graves)
Chateau Latour
Chateau Mouton Rothschild


What are the 7 AOC's

- Medoc
- St. Estephe
- Pauillac
- St. Julien
- Listrac
- Moulis
- Margaux


What are some characteristics of St. Estephe AOC

- northernmost commune of haut medoc
- wines are generally sturdy and full bodied


What are some characteristics of Pauillac

- Considered to be the epitome of claret
- wines balance power and finesse
- three first growths: Chateau Latour, Chateau Lafite Rothschild and Mouton Rothschild


What are some characteristics of saint-julien

- Smallest commune but largest % of classified growths (11)

- style combines elegance of Pauillac with sturdiness of St-Estephe

- Five second growths: Ducru-beaucaillou, Leoville-las cases, Leoville-poyferre, Leoville-Barton, Gruaud-Larose


What are some characteristics of Margaux

- Largest AOC in the Haut Medoc
- Wines are known for their Elegance and Finesse
- One first growth: Chateau Margaux


What are the communes of graves

Pessac leognan, cerons, graves, Sauternes, Barsac


The graves classification AOC is unique in what way?

It is the only classification system that is classified by wine style, not chateau.

-all wines are designated simply as cru classe


What are the grape varieties included in Sauternes and Barsac

Semillon, Sauvignon Blanc, Muscadelle


What is botrytis cinerea?

Fungus that develops under humid conditions
- dehydrates the grapes
- concentrates sugars
- changes flavor profile (honey and mushroom)


What is one highly regarded producers of sauternes

Chateau Yquem


What is the St.-Emilion classification of 1954?

• It is the three tier classification created in 1954
• updated once every decade


What are the three categories of the St.-Emilion classification

Premier Grand Cru Classe A
• Chateaux Ausone, Angélus, Pavie, Cheval Blanc

Premier Grannd Cru Classe B
• 14 chateaux

Grand Cru Classe
• 64 chateaux


What are some characteristics of Pomerol AOC

• Merlot dominant wines
• iron pan and clay soils
• Five square miles
• no classification system
• AOP for red wines only, typically 75% Merlot, 25% Cabernet Franc


What are the principal chateaux of Pomerol AOC

• Petrus
• La Fleur Petrus
• La Conseillante
• Vieux-Chateaux-Certan
• Trotanoy
• Le Pin


What is in Bordeaux mixture?

Lime, copper sulfate, and water


What is assemblage?

The blending of grapes and base wine to create the house style


What does Cabernet Sauvignon bring to the Bordeaux blend?

Structure, power, and longevity


What does Merlot bring to the Bordeaux blend?

Fleshy, juicy texture


What does Cabernet franc bring to the Bordeaux blend?

Tannin, herbal spice, and red fruit aromatics


What is the most planted grape in Bordeaux?



What is the mixture of sand, gravel, and light clay known as in the graves region of bordeaux?



How long do Bordeaux wines age in oak?

2 years