Flashcards in Bordeaux Deck (37):
Bordeaux rouge and Bordeaux superior account for what percentage of total production?
45% of total production
What it comes to branding and AOC's there are three known facts:
1. The chateau brand is more important than the vineyard
2. Local classification systems are more important than AOC's when it comes to determining price.
3. Highest ranking in AOC for majority of the region is commune level
What is a chateau?
Estate under single ownership. The size of the chateau varies with purchase or sale of vinyards. Chateau petrus has increased by 50% since 1969
What is a Courtier
The middleman between the chateaux and the Bordeaux merchants, very little top Bordeaux is sold directly.
What is en premier sales
Early release of wines for sale.( futures)
What are the primary white grape varieties of Bordeaux
Semilllon, Sauvignon blanc, muscadelle
What are the primary grape varieties for reds
Cabernet Sauvignon, merlot, Cabernet franc, Malbec, petite Verdot
What are the two typical blend of Bordeaux
Medoc communes (left bank)
St-Emilion and pomerol (right bank)
What is the difference between left bank blends and right bank blends
Left bank (70% cab and 30% merlot)
Right bank (70% merlot and 30% cab)
90-100% merlot in pomerol
What is the climate and soil type of Bordeaux
Medoc/Northern Graves = Gravel
St. Emilion = gravel over limestone
Pomerol = iron pan under sand and clay
What was the medoc classification of 1855?
It is when emperor Napoleon III commissioned the union de Bordeaux to classify its best wine for display at the universal exhibition in Paris
How many properties are included in the Medoc classification of 1855.
61 properties in the medoc plus one in graves
How many growths are there through category
1er - 5
2eme - 14
3eme - 14
4eme - 10
5eme - 18
What was the only change in 1973 to the medoc classification
Chateau Mouton Rothschild (2 to 1)
What are the medoc first growths
Chateau Lafite Rothschild
Chateau Haut Brion (graves)
Chateau Mouton Rothschild
What are the 7 AOC's
- St. Estephe
- St. Julien
What are some characteristics of St. Estephe AOC
- northernmost commune of haut medoc
- wines are generally sturdy and full bodied
What are some characteristics of Pauillac
- Considered to be the epitome of claret
- wines balance power and finesse
- three first growths: Chateau Latour, Chateau Lafite Rothschild and Mouton Rothschild
What are some characteristics of saint-julien
- Smallest commune but largest % of classified growths (11)
- style combines elegance of Pauillac with sturdiness of St-Estephe
- Five second growths: Ducru-beaucaillou, Leoville-las cases, Leoville-poyferre, Leoville-Barton, Gruaud-Larose
What are some characteristics of Margaux
- Largest AOC in the Haut Medoc
- Wines are known for their Elegance and Finesse
- One first growth: Chateau Margaux
What are the communes of graves
Pessac leognan, cerons, graves, Sauternes, Barsac
The graves classification AOC is unique in what way?
It is the only classification system that is classified by wine style, not chateau.
-all wines are designated simply as cru classe
What are the grape varieties included in Sauternes and Barsac
Semillon, Sauvignon Blanc, Muscadelle
What is botrytis cinerea?
Fungus that develops under humid conditions
- dehydrates the grapes
- concentrates sugars
- changes flavor profile (honey and mushroom)
What is one highly regarded producers of sauternes
What is the St.-Emilion classification of 1954?
• It is the three tier classification created in 1954
• updated once every decade
What are the three categories of the St.-Emilion classification
Premier Grand Cru Classe A
• Chateaux Ausone, Angélus, Pavie, Cheval Blanc
Premier Grannd Cru Classe B
• 14 chateaux
Grand Cru Classe
• 64 chateaux
What are some characteristics of Pomerol AOC
• Merlot dominant wines
• iron pan and clay soils
• Five square miles
• no classification system
• AOP for red wines only, typically 75% Merlot, 25% Cabernet Franc
What are the principal chateaux of Pomerol AOC
• La Fleur Petrus
• La Conseillante
• Le Pin
What is in Bordeaux mixture?
Lime, copper sulfate, and water
What is assemblage?
The blending of grapes and base wine to create the house style
What does Cabernet Sauvignon bring to the Bordeaux blend?
Structure, power, and longevity
What does Merlot bring to the Bordeaux blend?
Fleshy, juicy texture
What does Cabernet franc bring to the Bordeaux blend?
Tannin, herbal spice, and red fruit aromatics
What is the most planted grape in Bordeaux?
What is the mixture of sand, gravel, and light clay known as in the graves region of bordeaux?