Flashcards in Burgundy Deck (32):
French wine law, what are the three quality levels of French wine
Vin de France, IGP/Vin de pay, AOP/AOC
What is Negociant
Merchants who don't own the vineyard but buy the grapes and or finished wine for blending and bottling under their own label.
What is a domaine?
The entire process from growing the grapes to bottling and aging the wine takes place at the domaine itself.
What are the Maine grape varieties of burgundy
Chardonnay and aligote
Pinot noir and gamay (reds)
What is the climate in burgundy
What are the main types of soil in burgundy
North: chalk and kimmeridgian clay
What are the four Chablis AOC's
Petite Chablis, chablis, Chablis premier crus, chablis grand cru
What are the seven grand crus of Chablis?
Vaudesir, Valmur, Les Preuses, Grenouilles, Bougros, Les Clos, Blanchot
What is a characteristic of typical Chablis
Racey acidity, oyster shell, youthful lemon, typically no oak
Côte d'Or is made up of two sub regions
Côte de nuits and côte de beaune
Côte de nuits is mostly dominated by what grape
What are the 9 AOC's of côte de nuits
Marsannay, Fixin, Gevrey-Chambertin, Morey-St.-Denis, Chambolle-Musigny, Vougeot, Echezeaux, Vosne-Romanee, Nuits-St-Georges
What are the AOC's of Côte de Beaune
-Aloxe-Corton ( red grand cru: corton, white grand cru: corton Charlemagne
-Beaune (premier cru only)
-Pommard (premier cru only, red wine only)
-Volnay (premier cru only, red wine only)
-Meursault (premier cru)
-Puligny-Montrachet (4 grand crus)
-Chassagne-Montrachet (3 grand crus)
Name one major producer from Côte de beaune.
Coche dury, Joseph Drouin, Bouchard Pere et Fils, Louis Jadot
What are the Côte challonnaise AOC's
-Bouzeron ( white wines from aligote)
-Montagny (white only)
-Beaujolais cru (10)
What are the 10 crus of Beaujolais
Côte de Brouilly
What are 4 Lieux dits (place name) of burgundy?
1. La chapelle Norte dame
2. Le chapitre
3. Cote St. Jaques
What is the largest grand cru of burgundy?
What is the smallest grand cru of burgundy and the smallest appellation in France?
What is the benchmark for Chablis premier cru?
Pronounced acidity, medium weight, lees character, intensely mineral, steely character, unencombered by new oak.
What is the benchmark for grand crus?
Rich, ripe, more oak, hazelnuts, oyster shells , lemons
How many grand crus are in the cote de nuits?
24 (all produce red wines except musigny)
How many acres in a hectare?
What is the last grand cru to be promoted?
La grand rue (1992)
What are some notable grand crus of Côte de nuit? And what AOC are they from in the Côte de nuits?
• Chambertain-Clos de beze (Gevry Chambertain)
• Musigney and Bonne Mares (Chambolle-Musigney)
• Clos de veugoet (Veougot)
• La Romanee (Vosne-Romanee)
• La Grand Rue (Vosne-Romanee)
• Echezeaux (Flagey-Echezeaux)
What are some major producers of Côte de nuits?
•Armand Rousseau (Gevry-Chambertain)
• Claude Dugat (Gevry-Chambertain)
• Georges de Vogue (chambolle-musigny)
•Domaine de la Romanee Conti (Vosne-Romanee)
What are the two most expensive styles of Chardonnay in the Côte de beaune?
Puligny Montrachet and Chassagne-Montrachet
What are some characteristics of meursault?
Usually higher quality, rich, fat with nutty buttered honey spectrum of flavors. Softer acidity than puligney-Montrachet
What is one go to wine for les Clos grand cru in Chablis
Rene and Vincent Daubissat