Bot Med I- Immunostimulants and Immunomodulators Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Bot Med I- Immunostimulants and Immunomodulators Deck (27):

what are immunostimulants? used for what? can influence what processes? energetics of most of them?

agents that increase activity of the immune system
used to fortify body's response to invasion by pathogen
increase phagocytosis, production of WBCs and moderation of various cytokines
heating, stimulating and drying


what are immunomodulators?

agents that have a tonifying effect on the immune system
gradual in action
can fortify the immune system w/o overstimulation
known to 'cool' or down-regulate immune hyperfunction


latin name of purple coneflower? family?

echinacea spp


latin name of purple coneflower? part used and energetics?

echinacea spp
root, rhizome, whole plant
cooling, drying, stimulating


latin name of purple coneflower? actions, indications and contraindications?

echinacea spp
actions: immunostimulator, enhance phagocytosis, inhibits hyaluronidase, lymphagogue, vulnerary, anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, stimulates leukocytes
indications: infection, sepsis, pharyngitis, prevention of URIs, snake bites, ulcers
c/is: in inflammatory AI dzs


echinacea is a main remedy for what conditions?

venom infection
cerebro-spinal meningitis


echinacea purpurea is most effective in what preparation form what is its action?

30% alcohol tincture, as a lymphagogue


echinacea angustifolia is most effective in what preparation form and what is its indication?

80% alcohol tincture, for septicemia


echinacea pallida is specifically used for what condition?

supportive therapy in influenza infection


latin name for common boneset? family?

eupatorium perfoliatum
family: asteraceae


latin name for common boneset? parts used? energetics?

eupatorium perfoliatum
parts: aerial art in bud or flower
energetics: cooling, drying, earthy


latin name for common boneset? actions? indications? c/is?

eupatorium perfoliatum
actions: stimulating diaphroetic, cholegogue, choleretic, diuretic, antispasmodic
indications: flu-like illnesses w/pain that sets into the bone
c/is: allergic hypersensitivity resulting in contact dermatitis, PG


latin name of haung qi (astragulus)? family?

astragalus membranaceus
family: fabaceae


latin name of haung qi? part used? energetics?

astragalus membranaceus
part used: root
energetics: mildly warming


latin name of haung qi? actions? indications? c/is?

astragalus membranaceus
actions: immunomodulating, promotes tissue regeneration, anti-inflammatory, anti-viral, cardiotonic, helps preserve WBC counts in chemo, hepatoprotective
indications: gentle builder for those w/low vitality, those who are prone to frequent infection, w/weak tissues and/or poor digestion, good for children
c/is: AI conditions, antagonizes cyclophasphamide (rx used to prevent transplant rejection) and in lymphomas and leukemias


latin name for elderberry? family? part used? energetics?

sambucus nigra
family: caprifoliaceae
parts used: flower, berry
energetics: relaxing


latin name for elderberry? actions? indications? c/is?

sambucus nigra
actions: berries- antiviral, immunostimulant; flowers- diaphoretic, diuretic, expectorant, nervine
indications: flu, colds, cough
c/is: unripe fruit, seeds, bark, leaves and root can cause diarrhea, n/v, dizziness, tachycardia and convulsions


latin name for wild indigo? family? part used? energetics?

baptisia tinctora
family: fabaceae
part used: root
energetics: cooling


latin name of wild indigo? actions? indications? c/is?

baptisia tinctora
actions: immunostimulant, antimicrobial, febrifuge
indications: infections, protracted fever w/severely depressed vital force, ulceration of tissue
c/is: PG


latin name of kalmegh? family? part used? energetics?

andrographis paniculata
family: acanthaceae
part used: aerial parts
energetics: bitter and cooling


latin name of kalmegh? actions? indications? c/is?

andrographis paniculata
actions: bacteriostatic, virostatic, antipyretic, bitter, hypertensive, antihyperglycemic, hepatoprotective
indications: URI, dysentery, gripe of infancy, topically for snake bites
c/is: PG


latin name of turkey tail? phyllum? family? part used? energetics?

trametes versicolor
phyllum: basidiomycota
family: polyporaceae
part used: fruiting body
energetics: sweet and warming, clears dampness


latin name of turkey tail? actions? indications? c/is?

trametes versicolo
actions: increase phago, NK response to lethal CMV, interferon, free radical scavenger, increases survival in CA pts, helps stabilize WBC counts in chemo pts
indications: taken w/chemo to decrease side effects, provide immune support, stabilize WBC count
c/is: PG and lactation


latin name of maitake? phyllum? family? part used? energetics?

grifola frondosa
phyllum: basidiomycota
family: meripilaceae
part used: fruiting body
energetics: bland, mild


latin name of maitake? actions? indications? c/is?

grifola frondosa
actions: anti-CA, immunomodulating, antiviral (HIV, HSV, HBV), antimicrobial, antidiabetic, antioxidant
indications: immune support during chemo, CA prevention, diabetes, HTN
c/is: none known


latin name of reishi, ling-zhi? phyllum? family?

ganoderma lucidum
phyllum: basidiomycota
family: ganodermataceae


latin name of reishi, ling-zhi? actions? indications? c/is?

ganoderma lucidum
actions: antiallergeic action, anti-HTN, inhibits histamine release, hypotensive, decreases platelet aggregation, decreases LDL, decreases arrhythmia, decreases insomnia, decreases angina, protects against ionizing radiation
indications: CA tx to increase immune fxn, tx fatigue, HTN, immune deficiency, insomnia, hepatitis
c/is: potential allergy to spores