Bot Med I- Immunostimulants and Immunomodulators Flashcards Preview

Botanical Medicine > Bot Med I- Immunostimulants and Immunomodulators > Flashcards

Flashcards in Bot Med I- Immunostimulants and Immunomodulators Deck (27):
1

what are immunostimulants? used for what? can influence what processes? energetics of most of them?

agents that increase activity of the immune system
used to fortify body's response to invasion by pathogen
increase phagocytosis, production of WBCs and moderation of various cytokines
heating, stimulating and drying

2

what are immunomodulators?

agents that have a tonifying effect on the immune system
gradual in action
can fortify the immune system w/o overstimulation
known to 'cool' or down-regulate immune hyperfunction

3

latin name of purple coneflower? family?

echinacea spp
asteraceae

4

latin name of purple coneflower? part used and energetics?

echinacea spp
root, rhizome, whole plant
cooling, drying, stimulating

5

latin name of purple coneflower? actions, indications and contraindications?

echinacea spp
actions: immunostimulator, enhance phagocytosis, inhibits hyaluronidase, lymphagogue, vulnerary, anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, stimulates leukocytes
indications: infection, sepsis, pharyngitis, prevention of URIs, snake bites, ulcers
c/is: in inflammatory AI dzs

6

echinacea is a main remedy for what conditions?

septicemia
venom infection
cerebro-spinal meningitis

7

echinacea purpurea is most effective in what preparation form what is its action?

30% alcohol tincture, as a lymphagogue

8

echinacea angustifolia is most effective in what preparation form and what is its indication?

80% alcohol tincture, for septicemia

9

echinacea pallida is specifically used for what condition?

supportive therapy in influenza infection

10

latin name for common boneset? family?

eupatorium perfoliatum
family: asteraceae

11

latin name for common boneset? parts used? energetics?

eupatorium perfoliatum
parts: aerial art in bud or flower
energetics: cooling, drying, earthy

12

latin name for common boneset? actions? indications? c/is?

eupatorium perfoliatum
actions: stimulating diaphroetic, cholegogue, choleretic, diuretic, antispasmodic
indications: flu-like illnesses w/pain that sets into the bone
c/is: allergic hypersensitivity resulting in contact dermatitis, PG

13

latin name of haung qi (astragulus)? family?

astragalus membranaceus
family: fabaceae

14

latin name of haung qi? part used? energetics?

astragalus membranaceus
part used: root
energetics: mildly warming

15

latin name of haung qi? actions? indications? c/is?

astragalus membranaceus
actions: immunomodulating, promotes tissue regeneration, anti-inflammatory, anti-viral, cardiotonic, helps preserve WBC counts in chemo, hepatoprotective
indications: gentle builder for those w/low vitality, those who are prone to frequent infection, w/weak tissues and/or poor digestion, good for children
c/is: AI conditions, antagonizes cyclophasphamide (rx used to prevent transplant rejection) and in lymphomas and leukemias

16

latin name for elderberry? family? part used? energetics?

sambucus nigra
family: caprifoliaceae
parts used: flower, berry
energetics: relaxing

17

latin name for elderberry? actions? indications? c/is?

sambucus nigra
actions: berries- antiviral, immunostimulant; flowers- diaphoretic, diuretic, expectorant, nervine
indications: flu, colds, cough
c/is: unripe fruit, seeds, bark, leaves and root can cause diarrhea, n/v, dizziness, tachycardia and convulsions

18

latin name for wild indigo? family? part used? energetics?

baptisia tinctora
family: fabaceae
part used: root
energetics: cooling

19

latin name of wild indigo? actions? indications? c/is?

baptisia tinctora
actions: immunostimulant, antimicrobial, febrifuge
indications: infections, protracted fever w/severely depressed vital force, ulceration of tissue
c/is: PG

20

latin name of kalmegh? family? part used? energetics?

andrographis paniculata
family: acanthaceae
part used: aerial parts
energetics: bitter and cooling

21

latin name of kalmegh? actions? indications? c/is?

andrographis paniculata
actions: bacteriostatic, virostatic, antipyretic, bitter, hypertensive, antihyperglycemic, hepatoprotective
indications: URI, dysentery, gripe of infancy, topically for snake bites
c/is: PG

22

latin name of turkey tail? phyllum? family? part used? energetics?

trametes versicolor
phyllum: basidiomycota
family: polyporaceae
part used: fruiting body
energetics: sweet and warming, clears dampness

23

latin name of turkey tail? actions? indications? c/is?

trametes versicolo
actions: increase phago, NK response to lethal CMV, interferon, free radical scavenger, increases survival in CA pts, helps stabilize WBC counts in chemo pts
indications: taken w/chemo to decrease side effects, provide immune support, stabilize WBC count
c/is: PG and lactation

24

latin name of maitake? phyllum? family? part used? energetics?

grifola frondosa
phyllum: basidiomycota
family: meripilaceae
part used: fruiting body
energetics: bland, mild

25

latin name of maitake? actions? indications? c/is?

grifola frondosa
actions: anti-CA, immunomodulating, antiviral (HIV, HSV, HBV), antimicrobial, antidiabetic, antioxidant
indications: immune support during chemo, CA prevention, diabetes, HTN
c/is: none known

26

latin name of reishi, ling-zhi? phyllum? family?

ganoderma lucidum
phyllum: basidiomycota
family: ganodermataceae

27

latin name of reishi, ling-zhi? actions? indications? c/is?

ganoderma lucidum
actions: antiallergeic action, anti-HTN, inhibits histamine release, hypotensive, decreases platelet aggregation, decreases LDL, decreases arrhythmia, decreases insomnia, decreases angina, protects against ionizing radiation
indications: CA tx to increase immune fxn, tx fatigue, HTN, immune deficiency, insomnia, hepatitis
c/is: potential allergy to spores