Flashcards in Bot Med I- Immunostimulants and Immunomodulators Deck (27):
what are immunostimulants? used for what? can influence what processes? energetics of most of them?
agents that increase activity of the immune system
used to fortify body's response to invasion by pathogen
increase phagocytosis, production of WBCs and moderation of various cytokines
heating, stimulating and drying
what are immunomodulators?
agents that have a tonifying effect on the immune system
gradual in action
can fortify the immune system w/o overstimulation
known to 'cool' or down-regulate immune hyperfunction
latin name of purple coneflower? family?
latin name of purple coneflower? part used and energetics?
root, rhizome, whole plant
cooling, drying, stimulating
latin name of purple coneflower? actions, indications and contraindications?
actions: immunostimulator, enhance phagocytosis, inhibits hyaluronidase, lymphagogue, vulnerary, anti-inflammatory, antimicrobial, stimulates leukocytes
indications: infection, sepsis, pharyngitis, prevention of URIs, snake bites, ulcers
c/is: in inflammatory AI dzs
echinacea is a main remedy for what conditions?
echinacea purpurea is most effective in what preparation form what is its action?
30% alcohol tincture, as a lymphagogue
echinacea angustifolia is most effective in what preparation form and what is its indication?
80% alcohol tincture, for septicemia
echinacea pallida is specifically used for what condition?
supportive therapy in influenza infection
latin name for common boneset? family?
latin name for common boneset? parts used? energetics?
parts: aerial art in bud or flower
energetics: cooling, drying, earthy
latin name for common boneset? actions? indications? c/is?
actions: stimulating diaphroetic, cholegogue, choleretic, diuretic, antispasmodic
indications: flu-like illnesses w/pain that sets into the bone
c/is: allergic hypersensitivity resulting in contact dermatitis, PG
latin name of haung qi (astragulus)? family?
latin name of haung qi? part used? energetics?
part used: root
energetics: mildly warming
latin name of haung qi? actions? indications? c/is?
actions: immunomodulating, promotes tissue regeneration, anti-inflammatory, anti-viral, cardiotonic, helps preserve WBC counts in chemo, hepatoprotective
indications: gentle builder for those w/low vitality, those who are prone to frequent infection, w/weak tissues and/or poor digestion, good for children
c/is: AI conditions, antagonizes cyclophasphamide (rx used to prevent transplant rejection) and in lymphomas and leukemias
latin name for elderberry? family? part used? energetics?
parts used: flower, berry
latin name for elderberry? actions? indications? c/is?
actions: berries- antiviral, immunostimulant; flowers- diaphoretic, diuretic, expectorant, nervine
indications: flu, colds, cough
c/is: unripe fruit, seeds, bark, leaves and root can cause diarrhea, n/v, dizziness, tachycardia and convulsions
latin name for wild indigo? family? part used? energetics?
part used: root
latin name of wild indigo? actions? indications? c/is?
actions: immunostimulant, antimicrobial, febrifuge
indications: infections, protracted fever w/severely depressed vital force, ulceration of tissue
latin name of kalmegh? family? part used? energetics?
part used: aerial parts
energetics: bitter and cooling
latin name of kalmegh? actions? indications? c/is?
actions: bacteriostatic, virostatic, antipyretic, bitter, hypertensive, antihyperglycemic, hepatoprotective
indications: URI, dysentery, gripe of infancy, topically for snake bites
latin name of turkey tail? phyllum? family? part used? energetics?
part used: fruiting body
energetics: sweet and warming, clears dampness
latin name of turkey tail? actions? indications? c/is?
actions: increase phago, NK response to lethal CMV, interferon, free radical scavenger, increases survival in CA pts, helps stabilize WBC counts in chemo pts
indications: taken w/chemo to decrease side effects, provide immune support, stabilize WBC count
c/is: PG and lactation
latin name of maitake? phyllum? family? part used? energetics?
part used: fruiting body
energetics: bland, mild
latin name of maitake? actions? indications? c/is?
actions: anti-CA, immunomodulating, antiviral (HIV, HSV, HBV), antimicrobial, antidiabetic, antioxidant
indications: immune support during chemo, CA prevention, diabetes, HTN
c/is: none known
latin name of reishi, ling-zhi? phyllum? family?