Brain & Cranial Nerves Flashcards Preview

Anatomy 2 > Brain & Cranial Nerves > Flashcards

Flashcards in Brain & Cranial Nerves Deck (32):
1

What are the 4 major parts of the brain?

Brain Stem, Cerebellum, Diencephalon, Cerebrum

2

Where is the brain stem located?

Between the brain and spinal cord

3

What are the regions of the brain stem?

Medulla oblongata, Pons, Midbrain

4

Where is the cerebellum located?

Posterior to the brain stem

5

Where is the diencephalon located?

superior to the brain stem

6

Where is the cerebrum located?

superficial to the diencephalon

7

What is the largest part of the brain?

Cerebrum

8

What are the regions of the diencephalon?

Epithalamus, Thalamus, Subthalamus, Hypothalamus

9

What is the "master gland" of the endocrine system?

Hypothalamus

10

The brain consumes about ___% of the oxygen and glucose in the blood while at rest

20

11

What are the layers of the cranial meninges?

Dura mater, arachnoid mater, pia mater

12

What is the outermost layer of the cranial meninges?

Dura mater

13

_________ protects the brain and spinal cord from chemical and physical injuries

Cerebrospinal Fluid (CSF)

14

Where does the CSF circulate?

in the subarachnoid space between arachnoid mater and pia mater

15

_______ separates the two hemispheres of the cerebrum

Falx cerebri

16

_______ separates the two hemispheres of the cerebellum

Falx cerebelli

17

________ separates the cerebrum from the cerebellum

tentorium cerebelli

18

What are the functions of CSF?

Mechanical protection, chemical protection, circulation

19

Where is CSF formed?

ventricles of the brain

20

What is hydrocephalus?

Poor drainage of CSF causing pressure buildup

21

The brain stem governs autonomic nervous system function which regulates _______.

Heartbeat, blood pressure, breathing

22

What is the function of the cerebellum?

Smooth out movements

23

The post-central gyrus of the cerebrum is the primary ________ area.

somatosensory

24

the pre-central gyrus of the cerebrum is the primary ________ area.

motor

25

The epithalamus contains the pineal gland with secretes _________.

melatonin

26

What are the functions of the hypothalamus?

regulates emotional and behavioral patterns, regulates circadian rhythms, regulates eating and drinking behavior, produces hormones oxytoxin and ADH.

27

What are the 4 lobes of the cerebrum?

frontal lobe, parietal lobe, temporal lobe, occipital lobe

28

List brain injuries in order of descending severity

Laceration, contusion, concussion

29

The occipital lobe governs_______.

visual processing

30

Aphasia is ___________.

an inability to use or comprehend words.

31

List the 12 cranial nerves (use mnemonic device)

Olfactory
Optic
Oculomotor
Trochlear
Trigeminal
Abducens
Facial
Auditory (Vestibulocochlear)
Glossopharyngeal
Vagus
Spinal Accessory
Hypoglossal

32

what is the mnemonic for type of cranial nerve?

Some Say Marry Money But My Brother Says Big Brains Matter Most
S=sensory, M=motor, B=both