Integumentary System Flashcards Preview

Anatomy 2 > Integumentary System > Flashcards

Flashcards in Integumentary System Deck (28):
1

A primary function of ________ is absorption of calcium in the digestive tracts

Vitamin D

2

The __________ of the integumentary system allows for excretion and absorption through the skin while still providing protection from external environment

semi-permeable membrane

3

_________ in the dermal layer provide sensory perception close to the surface of the skin.

Free nerve endings

4

_________ is the main substance in the epidermis that protects from heat, microbes, and chemicals

Keratin

5

The tactile cells of the epidermal layer are called ______

Merkel cells (discs)

6

___________ produce pigment that absorbs UV light

Melanocytes

7

The five layers of epidermis are

Stratum basale, stratum spinosum, stratum granulosum, stratum lucidum, stratum corneum

8

The stratum ________ is mainly found in the palms and soles of the feet.

Lucidum

9

Langerhans cells function to ________

provide immune response

10

The stratum basale consists of ________ layer(s) of cuboidal/columnar keratinocytes

One

11

Lamellar granules in the stratum _______ release a lipid-rich secretion to create semi-permeable protective barrier

granulosum

12

Psoriasis is a skin disorder in which keratinocytes _________

divide more quickly than normal and shed prematurely

13

The dermis consists of mainly ________ tissue

connective

14

Free nerve endings in the dermis that sense heat are thermoreceptors while those that sense pain are

nocireceptors

15

Hair root plexus functions to _________

sense when the associated hair is stimulated

16

The secretion ________ coats hair and keeps skin soft and pliable

sebum

17

_________ sudoriferous glands occur after pubescence.

Apocrine

18

Ear wax is secreted by _______ glands

ceruminous

19

The cellular response when migrating cells touch one another and stop migrating is known as ________

contact inhibition

20

List the ABCDE's of malignant melanoma detection.

Asymmetry, Border (irregular), Color (uneven), Diameter (>0.25in), Elevation

21

In deep wound healing, __________ deposit collagen to strengthen the wound

fibroblasts

22

What is the most superficial layer of the skin?

Stratum corneum

23

Which of the following is not considered part of the skin - Epidermis, Dermis, Hypodermis?

Hypodermis

24

What is the deepest layer of the epidermis?

Stratum basale, germinativum

25

What condition is due to the buildup of the yellow pigment bilirubin in the skin?

Jaundice

26

What condition is the result of blood not picking up an adequate amount of oxygen that makes the skin appear bluish?

Cyanosis

27

What glands produce sweat?

Sudoriferous

28

What glands produce oil?

Sebacious