CV System: The Blood Flashcards Preview

Anatomy 2 > CV System: The Blood > Flashcards

Flashcards in CV System: The Blood Deck (27):
1

Blood is what type of tissue?

Connective

2

What is blood composed of?

Plasma, dissolved substances, formed elements

3

What are the functions of blood?

Transportation, Regulation, Protection

4

What are the formed elements of blood?

erythrocytes, leukocytes, platelets

5

What is hematocrit?

Percentage of total blood occupied by RBCs

6

What type of pluripotent stem cell gives rise to RBCs, WBCs, platelets?

Myeloid stem cells

7

What type of pluripotent stem cell gives rise to lymphocytes?

Lymphoid stem cells

8

What is hemopoeisis?

The process by which formed elements of blood develop

9

What is erythropoeitin?

Hormone that stimulates RBC production by increasing # of RBC precursors

10

What is interstitial fluid?

The fluid that bathes body cells

11

What is anemia?

A significant drop in hematocrit

12

What is polycythemia?

An abnormally high percentage of RBCs

13

The process by which WBCs leave the bloodstream is known as _________.

emigration

14

RBCs lack _________ and generate ATP _________. Consequently, they do not use the ________ they are transporting

mitochondria
anaerobically
oxygen

15

Macrophages in the ____ and ______ remove dead RBCs through _______.

Liver
Spleen
phagocytosis

16

List the different types of White Blood Cells

Neutrophils
Lymphocytes
Monocytes
Eosinophils
Basophils

17

What is leukocytosis?

An increase in WBCs due to stress, such as microbes, strenuous exercise, surgery

18

What is leukopenia?

A decrease in WBCs due to radiation, shock or chemotherapy

19

Phagocytes are attracted to inflamed tissues through a process called _______.

chemotaxis

20

High Neutrophil count can be attributed to _____

Bacterial infection, burns, stress, inflammation

21

High Lymphocyte count can be attributed to ______.

Viral infection, leukemia

22

High Monocyte count can be attributed to _________.

Viral or fungal infection, chronic diseases

23

High Eosinophil count can be attributed to _____

allergic reaction, parasites, autoimmune disorder

24

High Basophil count can be attributed to_______

allergic reaction, cancers, hyperthyroidism

25

Thrombosis is _______

clotting in an unbroken blood vessel

26

Thrombus is ______

the clot itself

27

Embolus is ________

clot, air bubble, fat particle, debris transported by bloodstream