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Flashcards in Brandy Deck (25):
1

What are the six sub regions of Cognac?

Grande Champagne
Petite Champagne
Borderies
Fins Bois
Bons Bois
Bois Ordinaires (Bois à Terroirs)

2

What is bonne chauffe?

The second distillation of Cognac, which is then split into the tête, coeur, secondes, queue

3

What is brouillis?

The first distillation of Cognac, distilled from wine to appox 28-32% abv

4

Where is the oak for Cognac traditionally sourced?

Limousin and Tronçais

5

What is the difference between VS Cognac and *** Cognac?

Nothing - they are the same.
2 years of aging

6

How long is VS Cognac aged for?

Minimum 2 years in cask

7

How long is VSOP Cognac aged for?

Minumum 4 years in cask

8

How long is XO Cognac aged for?

Minimum 6 years in cask
>> As of 2018, XO will need to be aged for 10 years
Many XO are aged 15+ years in practise

9

Does the age of a Cognac indicate the style, or the youngest spirit in the blend, or the average age?

The youngest spirit in the blend

10

What is Fine Champagne?

A blend of Cognac from Grande Champagne and Petite Champagne, with Grande Champagne at least 50% of the blend.

11

What is the soil type of the sub regions of Cognac?

Grande and Petite Champagne - chalk and limestone
Borderies - clay and flint
Fins Bois - red limestone and clay
Bons Bois, Bois Ordinaires - sand

12

Which islands are included in Cognac Bois Ordinaires?

Ile de Ré
Ile de Oléron

13

What are the three subregions of Armagnac?

Bas-Armagnac
Haut-Armagnac
Armagnac-Ténarèze

14

Which grape varieties are used for Armagnac?

Folle Blanche (Picpoul) - historically important, now just 3% plantings
Ugni Blanc
Colombard
Baco 22-A Blanc (hybrid)

15

Describe the production method for Armagnac

Most commonly single distillation in an Alambic Armagnaçais still (modified column still that predates the Coffey) - no more that 40hl capacity

Also legal to double distilled in a Charantais pot still

Either way, distilled to max. 72% abv

16

What is Blanche Armagnac AOP?

Armagnac that has aged in oak for no longer than 3 months, then bottled.
Achieved AOP status in 2005

17

What is the aging requirement for VS or *** Armagnac? Is it the youngest spirit in the blend, or a style, or the average age?

Youngest spirit in the blend -
1-3 years old

18

Which grapes were crossed to create the hybrid Baco 22A?

Folle Blanche x Noah (US hybrid)

19

Which grapes were crossed to create the hybrid Baco 22A?

Folle Blanche x Noah (US hybrid)

20

What are the aging requirements for Armagnac VSOP?

Minimum 4 years old

21

What are the aging requirements for Armagnac XO or Hors d'Age?

More that 10 years old

22

What does the vintage date on Armagnac indicate - the year of harvest or the year of distillation?

Year of harvest

23

What is the soil type of Armagnac-Tenareze?

Limestone and clay
Boulbènes - fine siliceous soil

24

What is the soil type of Bas Armagnac?

Siliceous-clay

25

What is the soil type of Haut Armagnac?

Chalk, clay, limestone