Flashcards in Portugal - South Deck (69):
In which IGP is Colares DOP to be found?
Which DOP in the Lisboa IGP grows grapes for aguardente production, rather than for wine?
What is Medieval de Ourém?
An allowable wine style in Encostas d'Aire DOP (in Lisboa IGP) stemming from Cistercian monks
Bush vines (usually), 40hl/ha, half of that for local white wines
80% Fernão Pires, 20% Trincadeira
White grapes are pressed and fermented in oak
Red grapes are destemmed, ferment 4-10 days, plunged twice a day
Red ferment, with skins, is mixed with the white ferment, in oak. Finish ferment together, making a soft, fruity red wine.
What are the two sub regions of Encostas d'Aire?
Which three vineyard areas are threatened with extinction due to the expansion of the suburbs of Lisboa?
What styles of wine are allowed in Buscelas DOP?
White and sparkling
White - must be 75% Arinto, with Sercial and Rabo de Ovelha
What styles of wine are allowed in Carcavelos DOP?
Vinho Licoroso (fortified) - both white and red
Arinto, Ratinho and Galego Dourado must make up 75%
Castelao and Preto Martinho (Negra Mole) must make up 75%
Wines fermented dry and then fortified with vinho abafado - partly fermented must that has been fortified.
Aged 2 years in oak
Max RS 150 g/L
What is Vinho Abafado?
Partly fermented must that has been fortified.
Used to fortify Carcavelos DOP before 2 years of oak aging
Directly translates to 'muffled wine' - MUTAGE!
How large is Carcavelos DOP?
Only 25ha remain - Lisboa suburban encroachment
What style of wine is made in Colares DOP, from which varieties?
White - Malvasia
Red - Ramisco or Castelão
How is the viticulture of Colares DOP unique?
Sandy soils mean no phylloxera - vines all planted on own roots
Vines planted in trenches to protect from marine winds
What are the two soil types of Colares?
Chao de Areia - sandy soil, suited to Ramisco
Chao Rija - hard soil, suited to Castelão
How long must Colares DOP age for before release?
White - 6 months in oak, plus 3 months in bottle
Red - 18 months in oak, plus 6 months in bottle
What are the two DOPs of the Sétubal Peninsula IGP?
What style of wine is made in Palmela DOP?
Sparkling, frizzante, white, rosé, red, fortified
Reds - a blend, minimum 66.7% Castelão
White - blend, often high proportions of Arinto and Fernão Pires.
Which Portuguese wine must contain 66.7% Castelão?
Which central Portuguese DOP allows the use of Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Petit Verdot, Tannat, Syrah, Sauvignon Blanc and Semillon, in addition to local varieties?
What is the soil type of Palmela DOP?
Sand (on the plains)
Limestone (in the Arrábida Hills)
What style of wine is made in Setúbal DOP?
Vinho licoroso -
Branco - min 67% Muscat of Alexandria (Moscatel Graúdo)
Red - min 67% Moscatel Galego Roxo
and two varietal labels -
Moscatel de Setúbal - min 85% Muscat of Alexandria
Roxo or Moscatel Roxo - min 85% Moscatel Galego Roxo
What are the aging and labelling requirements for Setúbal DOP?
Must age for 18 months before release.
Superior - min. 5 years of age
Wines under 20yo - min RS of 280 g/L
Wines over 20yo - min RS of 340 g/L
What are the two islands covered by Madeira DOP and Madeirense DOP?
Where is Porto Santo?
An island that is part of the Madeira archipelago, and is included in both Madeira DOP and Madeirense DOP
What are the three islands of the Azores (Açores) that have DOPs?
Pico DOP - fortified whites from Verdelho, Terrantez and Arinto
Biscoitos DOP - fortified whites from Verdelho, Terrantez and Arinto
Graciosa DOP - dry whites from Verdelho, Terrantez, Arinto, Malvasia Fina and Fernão Pires
What is the DOP within IGP Tejo?
What styles of wine are made in DoTejo DOP?
Basic quality, bulk production
Sparkling, fortified, red, white and rosé wines from a large range of varieties including some international.
More white wine than red.
Most significant grapes - Castelão and Fernão Pires
What are the six subregions of DoTejo DOP?
What is the largest IGP region in central and southern Portugal?
Covers 30% of Portugal's landmass
What is the name of the DOP within Alentejano IGP?
What styles of wine are made in Alentejo DOP?
Mostly red wine
Low acidity, high alcohol
How many subzones are there in Alentejo DOP? Which is the best quality?
Portalegre - best sub region, on the cooler granitic slopes of São Memede mountains
Which Quercus is responsible for cork?
What is the most prominent grape of Alentejo DOP?
Trincadeira (Tinta Amarela)
Where is the Algarve IGP?
Most southerly mainland DOP of Portugal, along the coast
What are the four DOPs of Algarve IGP?
Which grape varieties are most commonly grown in Algarve IGP and her four DOPs?
What is the size of a Port pipe in the Douro?
What is the size of a Sherry butt?
What is the size of a Port pipe in Vila Nova de Gaia?
What is the size of a Port pipe for export?
What are the three sizes of Port pipe?
Douro - 550L
Vila Nova de Gaia - 620L
Export - 534.24L
What is a socalos?
How much aguardente is added to must at fortification? What is this process called?
110L aguardente (77%) into 440L must
What is Lagrima?
A sweet white Port
To what alcohol level is Port fortified?
Name some declared Port vintages from the 2000s
Name some declared Port vintages from the 1990s
Name some declared Port vintages from the 1980s
Name some declared Port vintages from the 1970s
Name some declared Port vintages from the 1960s
Single Quinta of Croft?
Quinta do Roêda
Single Quinta of Dow's?
Quinta do Bomfim
Single Quinta of Ferreira?
Quinta do Porto
Single Quinta of Niepoort?
Quinta do Passadouro
Who is Quinta do Vesuvio owned by?
Who is Quinta do Vesuvio owned by?
What is Quinta do Noval Nacional?
From the heart of the Quinta do Noval vineyard. Post phylloxera, ungrafted vines
Single Quinta of Ramos Pinto?
Quinta do Bom Retiro - used for Tawny Port
Single Quinta of Sandeman?
Quinta do Vau
Single Quinta of Taylors Fladgate?
Quinta do Vargellas
Single Quinta of Warre's?
Quinta do Cavadinha
Who owns Quinta do Cavadinha?
Who owns Quinta do Vargellas?
Who owns Quinta do Vau?
Who owns Quinta do Bom Retiro?
Ramos Pinto (used for tawny port)
Who owns Quinta do Passodouro?
Who owns Quinta do Porto?
Who owns Quinta do Bomfim?
Who owns Quinta do Roêda?