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Flashcards in Portugal - South Deck (69):
1

In which IGP is Colares DOP to be found?

Lisboa IGP

2

Which DOP in the Lisboa IGP grows grapes for aguardente production, rather than for wine?

Lourinhã

3

What is Medieval de Ourém?

An allowable wine style in Encostas d'Aire DOP (in Lisboa IGP) stemming from Cistercian monks
Bush vines (usually), 40hl/ha, half of that for local white wines
80% Fernão Pires, 20% Trincadeira

White grapes are pressed and fermented in oak
Red grapes are destemmed, ferment 4-10 days, plunged twice a day
Red ferment, with skins, is mixed with the white ferment, in oak. Finish ferment together, making a soft, fruity red wine.

4

What are the two sub regions of Encostas d'Aire?

Ourém
Alcobaça

5

Which three vineyard areas are threatened with extinction due to the expansion of the suburbs of Lisboa?

Colares DOP
Buscelas DOP
Carcavelas DOP

6

What styles of wine are allowed in Buscelas DOP?

White and sparkling
White - must be 75% Arinto, with Sercial and Rabo de Ovelha

7

What styles of wine are allowed in Carcavelos DOP?

Vinho Licoroso (fortified) - both white and red

Arinto, Ratinho and Galego Dourado must make up 75%
Castelao and Preto Martinho (Negra Mole) must make up 75%

Wines fermented dry and then fortified with vinho abafado - partly fermented must that has been fortified.

Aged 2 years in oak
Max RS 150 g/L

8

What is Vinho Abafado?

Partly fermented must that has been fortified.

Used to fortify Carcavelos DOP before 2 years of oak aging

Directly translates to 'muffled wine' - MUTAGE!

9

How large is Carcavelos DOP?

Only 25ha remain - Lisboa suburban encroachment

10

What style of wine is made in Colares DOP, from which varieties?

White - Malvasia
Red - Ramisco or Castelão

11

How is the viticulture of Colares DOP unique?

Sandy soils mean no phylloxera - vines all planted on own roots
Vines planted in trenches to protect from marine winds

12

What are the two soil types of Colares?

Chao de Areia - sandy soil, suited to Ramisco
Chao Rija - hard soil, suited to Castelão

13

How long must Colares DOP age for before release?

White - 6 months in oak, plus 3 months in bottle
Red - 18 months in oak, plus 6 months in bottle

14

What are the two DOPs of the Sétubal Peninsula IGP?

Sétubal DOP
Palmela DOP

15

What style of wine is made in Palmela DOP?

Sparkling, frizzante, white, rosé, red, fortified

Reds - a blend, minimum 66.7% Castelão
White - blend, often high proportions of Arinto and Fernão Pires.

16

Which Portuguese wine must contain 66.7% Castelão?

Palmela Tinto

17

Which central Portuguese DOP allows the use of Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Petit Verdot, Tannat, Syrah, Sauvignon Blanc and Semillon, in addition to local varieties?

Palmela DOP

18

What is the soil type of Palmela DOP?

Sand (on the plains)
Limestone (in the Arrábida Hills)

19

What style of wine is made in Setúbal DOP?

Vinho licoroso -
Branco - min 67% Muscat of Alexandria (Moscatel Graúdo)
Red - min 67% Moscatel Galego Roxo
and two varietal labels -
Moscatel de Setúbal - min 85% Muscat of Alexandria
Roxo or Moscatel Roxo - min 85% Moscatel Galego Roxo

20

What are the aging and labelling requirements for Setúbal DOP?

Must age for 18 months before release.

Superior - min. 5 years of age
10/20/30/+40yo

Wines under 20yo - min RS of 280 g/L
Wines over 20yo - min RS of 340 g/L

21

What are the two islands covered by Madeira DOP and Madeirense DOP?

Madeira
Porto Santo

22

Where is Porto Santo?

An island that is part of the Madeira archipelago, and is included in both Madeira DOP and Madeirense DOP

23

What are the three islands of the Azores (Açores) that have DOPs?

Pico DOP - fortified whites from Verdelho, Terrantez and Arinto

Biscoitos DOP - fortified whites from Verdelho, Terrantez and Arinto

Graciosa DOP - dry whites from Verdelho, Terrantez, Arinto, Malvasia Fina and Fernão Pires

24

What is the DOP within IGP Tejo?

DoTejo DOP

25

What styles of wine are made in DoTejo DOP?

Basic quality, bulk production

Sparkling, fortified, red, white and rosé wines from a large range of varieties including some international.
More white wine than red.

Most significant grapes - Castelão and Fernão Pires

26

What are the six subregions of DoTejo DOP?

Coruche
Chamusca
Cartaxo
Santarém
Tomar
Almirim

27

What is the largest IGP region in central and southern Portugal?

Alentejano IGP
Covers 30% of Portugal's landmass

28

What is the name of the DOP within Alentejano IGP?

Alentejo DOP

29

What styles of wine are made in Alentejo DOP?

Mostly red wine
Low acidity, high alcohol

30

How many subzones are there in Alentejo DOP? Which is the best quality?

Eight

Moura
Granja-Amareleja
Évora
Vidigueira
Reguengos
Redondo
Borba
Portalegre - best sub region, on the cooler granitic slopes of São Memede mountains

31

Which Quercus is responsible for cork?

Quercus suber

32

What is the most prominent grape of Alentejo DOP?

Trincadeira (Tinta Amarela)

33

Where is the Algarve IGP?

Most southerly mainland DOP of Portugal, along the coast

34

What are the four DOPs of Algarve IGP?

Lagos DOP
Lagoa DOP
Portimão DOP
Tavira DOP

35

Which grape varieties are most commonly grown in Algarve IGP and her four DOPs?

White -
Arinto
Síría
Malvasia Fina

Red -
Castelão
Negra Mole
Trincadeira

36

What is the size of a Port pipe in the Douro?

550L

37

What is the size of a Sherry butt?

500L

38

What is the size of a Port pipe in Vila Nova de Gaia?

620L

39

What is the size of a Port pipe for export?

534.24L

40

What are the three sizes of Port pipe?

Douro - 550L
Vila Nova de Gaia - 620L
Export - 534.24L

41

What is a socalos?

Douro terraces

42

How much aguardente is added to must at fortification? What is this process called?

110L aguardente (77%) into 440L must
Beneficio

43

What is Lagrima?

A sweet white Port

44

To what alcohol level is Port fortified?

19-22% abv

45

Name some declared Port vintages from the 2000s

2011
2007
2003
2000

46

Name some declared Port vintages from the 1990s

1997
1994
1992
1991

47

Name some declared Port vintages from the 1980s

1989
1987
1985
1983
1982
1980

48

Name some declared Port vintages from the 1970s

1978
1977
1975
1970

49

Name some declared Port vintages from the 1960s

1967
1966
1963
1960

50

Single Quinta of Croft?

Quinta do Roêda

51

Single Quinta of Dow's?

Quinta do Bomfim

52

Single Quinta of Ferreira?

Quinta do Porto

53

Single Quinta of Niepoort?

Quinta do Passadouro

54

Who is Quinta do Vesuvio owned by?

Symington Family

55

Who is Quinta do Vesuvio owned by?

AXA

56

What is Quinta do Noval Nacional?

From the heart of the Quinta do Noval vineyard. Post phylloxera, ungrafted vines

57

Single Quinta of Ramos Pinto?

Quinta do Bom Retiro - used for Tawny Port

58

Single Quinta of Sandeman?

Quinta do Vau

59

Single Quinta of Taylors Fladgate?

Quinta do Vargellas

60

Single Quinta of Warre's?

Quinta do Cavadinha

61

Who owns Quinta do Cavadinha?

Warre's

62

Who owns Quinta do Vargellas?

Taylor's Fladgate

63

Who owns Quinta do Vau?

Sandeman

64

Who owns Quinta do Bom Retiro?

Ramos Pinto (used for tawny port)

65

Who owns Quinta do Passodouro?

Niepoort

66

Who owns Quinta do Porto?

Ferreira

67

Who owns Quinta do Bomfim?

Dow's

68

Who owns Quinta do Roêda?

Croft's

69

What is the difference between Colheita Port and Colheita Madeira?

Colheita Port - Tawny port, single vintage, min 7 years aging

Colheita Madeira - min 5 years aging, single variety, single year