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Flashcards in South America - Chile Deck (44):
1

How long is the coast of Chile? How many MILES are devoted to viticulture?

3,000 miles in total
800 miles of viticultural area

2

What is the minimum percentage required for varietal, or geographic indication, or vintage labelling in Chile?

75%
Many wineries abide by the 85% law for export purposes

3

What are the six regional Denominación d'Origen of Chile?

Atacama DO
Coquimbo DO
Aconcagua DO
Valle Central DO
Sur DO
Austral DO

4

Which regional DOs of Chile are arid and desert-like, best suited to growing grapes for Pisco?

Atacama DO
Coquimbo DO

5

The coast of which country is cooled by the Humboldt current?

Chile

6

Which current cools the coast of Chile?

Humboldt

7

What is the climate like in the southerly regional DOs of Chile?

Higher rainfall
Shorter and cooler growing season

8

What is the minimum alcohol required for all Chilean wines?

11.5% abv

9

What is most of the Muscat of Alexandria in Chile used for?

Distillation for Pisco

10

Which regional DO is Chile's furthest North?

Atacama DO
Grapes used fro Pisco distillation

11

What are the two sub regions of Atacama DO?

Valle del Huasco DO
Valle de Copiapó DO
Grapes used for Pisco distillation

12

What are the three sub regions of Coquimbo DO?

Valle del Liparí DO
Valle del Elquí DO
Valle del Choapa DO

13

What are the major grapes of Valle del Elqui DO?

Syrah
also Pedro Jimenez, Sauvignon Blanc

Cool, high altitude

14

What are the major grapes of Valle del Limarí DO?

Chardonnay
also Syrah, Pedro Jimenez, Sauvignon Blanc, Cabernet Sauvignon

15

What are the soils like in Aconcagua DO?

Alluvial

16

Name a prominent producer from Valle del Aconcagua DO. Famous for their premium Bordeaux-style blend 'Seña'

Errázuriz

17

Who is Errázuriz and where are they located?

Valle del Aconcagua DO
within regional Aconcagua DO

18

Top wine of Errázuriz?

Seña
Bordeaux blend

19

What are the three sub regions of Aconcagua DO?

Valle del Aconcagua DO
Valle de Casablanca DO
Valle de San Antonio DO > Valle de Leyda DO

20

What are the coastal DOs of Aconcagua DO?

Valle del Aconcagua DO
Valle de Casablanca DO

21

How does Valle de Casablanca DO compare to Valle del Aconcagua DO?

Casablanca Valley is close to coast, crisp and fresh Sauvignon Blanc and Chardonnay.
Much of Aconcagua Valley is very hot and dry, full bodied red wines

22

Main grape varieties for Valle de San Antonio, and it's single sub region?

Sauvignon Blanc
Chardonnay
Pinot Noir

Valle de Leyda

23

Name a producer from Valle de Casablanca DO

Viña Punto Alto
Michel Laroche (of Chablis fame)
Chardonnay

24

Why was the 2004 Berlin Tasting significant for the Chilean industry?

2001 Errazuriz 'Seña' was ranked above Chx. Margaux and Lafite (Seña was second, Lafite came third)

25

What are the sub regions of Central Valley DO?

Valle del Maipo DO
Valle del Rapel Valley DO
Valle de Curicó DO
Valle del Maule Valley DO

26

What percentage of Maipo Valley DO is planted to Cabernet Sauvignon?

Over 50%

27

Top wine of Concha y Toro and where is it from?

Don Melchor

Valle Central DO
Valle del Maipo DO
Puente Alto sub region in foothills of Andes

28

Top wine of Errázuriz and where is it from?

Viñedo Chadwick

Valle Central DO
Valle del Maipo DO
Puente Alto sub region in foothills of Andes

29

What is Almaviva?

Collaboration between Concha y Toro and Baron Philippe de Rothschild

30

Which wine was ranked first in the 2004 Berlin Tasting?

2000 Errázuriz 'Viñedo Chadwick'

31

Name four significant producers based in Valle del Maipo DO

Concha y Toro
Ventisquero
Santa Rita
Carmen
Almaviva

32

What are the two subregions of Valle del Rapel DO?

Valle del Cachapoal DO
Valle de Colchagua DO

33

Where is Viña Montes based?

Valle Central DO
Valle del Rapel DO
Valle de Colchagua DO

34

What are the two subregions of Valle de Curico DO?

Val del Lontue DO
Val del Teno DO

35

What are the three sub regions of Valle del Maule DO?

Valle del Claro DO
Valle del Loncomilla DO
Valle del Tutuvén DO

36

Which region contributes the grapes for Viña Montes 'Purple Angel'? Varieties in the blend?

Valle del Colchagua DO
Carmenere and Petit Verdot

37

What is the most famous sub region of Colchagua Valley DO? Which wines are produced there?

**It was published in Drinks Business that Apalta became a DO in July 2018 - TBC**

Apalta, in the east

Casa Lapostolle 'Clos Apalta' and Montes 'Cuvee M'
Both Bordeaux style blends

38

What style of wines is Maule Valley DO best known for?

Bulk production.
Cabernet has just taken over from País as the most planted grape.

39

What are the three sub regions of Sur DO?

Valle del Itata DO
Valle del Bío Bío DO
Valle del Malleco DO

40

What are the most planted varieties in Itata, Bio Bio and Malleco?

Pais
Muscat of Alexandria
Pinot Noir

plus
Chardonnay
Sauvignon Blanc
Sometimes Cabernet Sauvignon

41

When were the designations Costa, Andes and Entre Cordilleras added to Chilean wine law?

2012

42

What does Costa mean? Why is it relevant?

Coast
Geographical designation to indicate that the grapes were sourced from vineyards close to the coast
Min 85% of fruit must come from that designation

43

What does Entre Cordilleras mean? Why is it relevant?

Between the mountains
Geographical designation to indicate that the grapes were sourced from the valleys between the coast and the Andes
Min 85% of fruit must come from that designation

44

What does Andes mean? Why is it relevant?

Between the mountains
Geographical designation to indicate that the grapes were sourced from vineyards in the foothills of the Andes.
Min 85% of fruit must come from that designation