Flashcards in Burns Deck (100)
1st degree burns involve the ______
2nd degree burns involve top layer and part of second layer (______)
___ degree burns will be blistered, red and swollen
______ patches may be evident in 2nd degree burns
3rd degree burns = ____ thickness burns
____ degree burns will look white or charred and the dead skin forms an _____
3rd degree burn sites may be painless (T/F)
Burn severity and classification is determined by _____ and _____ ____ involved
Most common chart used in burn units for assessment of burn SA?
Lund and Browder
What comprises total body surface area in burn wound determination?
2nd degree + indeterminate + 3rd degree
Flame injuries may be associated with ______ injury and tend to be deep ______ or full thickness
For ____ injuries, object must be extremely hot or contact abnormally long
Contact injuries tend to be _____ dermal or ____ _____
deep; full thickness
_____ injuries = most common cause of burn injury in children
Scald injuries can range from _______ to _____, often mixed
High volt electrical burn = >_____ V
Low volt electrical burn = < ____ V
Things that are unique for electrical burns?
always have and exit wound; may have injury from current arc
Hypothermia injury causes a decrease in what 4 things ?
______ = localized body part freezing, compromised circulation
2 most common burn injury mechanisms for adults?
1. fire / flame
3 risk factor that increase mortality rate from burn?
1. increased age
2. increased burn size
3. presence of inhalation injury
3 zones in a burn?
1. zone of coagulation
2. zone of stasis
3. zone of hyperaemia
Zone of _____ = point of max damage; irreversible tissue loss due to coagulate of constituent proteins
Zone of _____ = characterized by decreased tissue perfusion, potentially salvageable with good resuscitation
Zone of _____ = outermost zone, will recover unless there is severe sepsis of prolonged hypo perfusion
There is an ____ in capillary permeability which leads to loss of ____ and _____ into interstitial compartments
increase; proteins; fluids
Increase in capillary permeability leads to edema and hypovolemia, which leads to _____ ______
Inadequate CO post burn leads to inadequate ______/______ perfusion