Flashcards in NICU Deck (53)
8 main things that bring bbs to the NICU?
2. Meconium aspiration syndrome
3. Hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy
4. Congenital diaphragmatic hernia
5. abdominal wall defet=cts
6. neuromuscular disorders
7. orthopaedic issues
NICU is a ______ environment due to premature bbs weakened immune system
what is meconium?
thick black tar like fluid that fills bb's intestines in womb; if bb is in distress may expel the meconium and inhale it
Average gestation age for an infant is ____ weeks
Bbs born at 40 weeks are referred to being born __ ___
Bb's born earlier than __ weeks are considered to be premature / preterm
Outcomes are ______ related to gestational age at birth; bbs born _____ will have a higher incidence of mortality and morbidity
Age of viability in BC?
Large role in the NICU not directly related to bb?
Why does corrected gestational age matter?
1. for accurate ax of developmental delays
2. to reduce stress for parents (who might compare their bb to other bbs of the same chronological age?
Until term, a bb's CGA is calculated by taking their gestational age and adding their age in ___
After term, how is CGA calculated?
by taking chronological age and subtracting how many months the premature baby was
Age is corrected with CGA until about __ years
_____ is an important predictor of outcomes
Average birth weight?
Low birth weight?
less than 2500 g
Very low birth weight?
less than 1500g
Bb's woh are not growing adequately in utero are described as having _______ ___ _____
intrauterine growth restriction
4 common causes of prematurity ?
1. pregnancy of multiples
2. fetal anomalies
3. maternal health issues
4. associations with low socio-economic status/poor prenatal care
2 resp complications of prematurity ?
1. bronchopulmnoary dysplasia
2. chronic lung disease
2 neurological complications of prematurity?
1. intraventricular hemorrhage
2. periventricular leukomalacia
Vision complication of prematurity ?
retinopathy of prematurity
Gut complication of prematurity ?
Cardiac complication of prematurity?
patent ductus arteriosus
RDS is caused by a lack of ______ in premie bbs
RDS will have a ____ ____ appearance on CXR
Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) = ____ and ____ of lungs
BPD defined as O2 dependence at ___ weeks CGA
What 2 things might BPD be accompanied by?
1. pulmonary HTN
2. abnormal pulmonary vascular development