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PHTH 564 - ICU > CXR > Flashcards

Flashcards in CXR Deck (28)
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1

L upper and lower lobes are really located more anteriorly and posteriorly (T/F)

TRUE

2

Diaphragm landmarks = __th rib anteriorly, __th rib laterally and ___th rib posteriorly

6;8;10

3

Apical segment of lungs extend ___cm above clavicle

2.5

4

Bifurcation = below manubrial sternal junction,, correlates to T__-T__

5;6

5

Consolidation will have a ___ precession note, and _____ breath sounds

dull; bronchial

6

Atelectasis may have decreased chest wall movement, ___ percussion note, and _____ breath sounds

dull; decreased

7

Pneumothorax: may have decreased chest wall movement, _________ percussion note, and ___ or ____ breath sounds

hyper resonant; decreased or absent

8

COPD will have decreased barrel chest with prolonged expiration, _______ percussion note and _____ breath sound s

hyper resonant; decreased

9

Pleural effusion may have decreased chest wall movement, ____ ____ percussion note, and ____ breath sounds

stony dull; decreased

10

Pulmonary edema will have _______ percussion note, and ____ _____ when breathing

resonant; fine crackles

11

Sputum retention = palpable crackles with chest wall movement, ____ percussion note, potentially decreased breath sounds and ____ _____ when breathing.

resonant; coarse crackles

12

3 landmarks to look at when examining lung fields?

1. horizontal fissure
2. diaphragms
3. hilum and vascularity

13

Right diaphragm will be __ cm higher than the left

2

14

Ascending aorta silhouette sign (ss)?

right upper lobe

15

Aortic arch ss?

left upper lobe

16

Upper left heart border ss?

Left upper lobe

17

Lower right heart border ss?

Right middle lobe

18

Lower left heart border ss?

Lingula

19

Right hemi-diaphhram ss?

Right lower lobe

20

Left hemi-diaphram ss?

left lower lobe

21

Tip of ETT should be between T__ and T__

3;4

22

Collapse will lead to _____ volume

decreased

23

Collapse looks ____ on x ray

opaque

24

Collapse = ____ of surrounding soft tissues

shift

25

Consolidation = ____ volume

same

26

Consolidation looks _____ on x ray

opaque

27

Pleural effusion = (yes/no)
chest PT

NO

28

Pleural effusion = increase or decrease in pressure ?

Increase (pushes mediastinum away)