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Neurology year 3 > BUZZWORDS > Flashcards

Flashcards in BUZZWORDS Deck (34):
1

thunder clap headache

subarachnoid haemorrhage

2

xanthochromic lumbar puncture

subarachnoid haemorrgae (cf-fresh blood- traumatic tap)

3

lucid period after head trauma (often followed by sudden collapse or deterioration)

extradural haemorrhage

4

cogwheel rigidity

parkinsons

5

woody texture muscle swelling

duchenne or beckers MD

6

increaed CK

muscular dystrophy

7

toe walker or positive gowers sign

muscular dystrophy

8

mask-like expression

parkinsons

9

fluctuating cognitive deficit

lewy body dementia or delerium

10

REM disturbance (later in night)

lewy body dementia or PD

11

vivid visual hallucinations normally of kids and not threatening

lewy body dementia

12

acute onset fluctuating cognitive disturbance

delerium

13

personality /behaviour changes then dementia

frontotemproal dementia (picks disease)

14

memory and personality problems with history of CVS disease

vascular dementia

15

stepwise deterioration

vascular dementia

16

pain on loud noise

facial nerve palsy

17

sore 3rd nerve palsy

posterior communicating artery aneurysm

18

myalgia and myositis and myoglobinaemia/uria

rhabdomyolysis

leads to acute renal failure

19

inflammatory myopathy with poor response to steroids

inclusion body myositis

20

weakness and frontal balding and cataract and ptosis

myotonic dystrophy

onset in 30s

usually + family history

21

leg symptoms and midline shift

falcine herniation

22

back pain worse on coughing

slipped disc

23

headache worse on coughing

posterior fossa problem

24

bilateral sciatica, male sexual dysfunction+/- bowel and bladder symtpoms

cauda equina

25

pleocytosis on CSF

rule out bacterial meningits

26

migrain prophylaxis

1st line- propranolol

or topiramate or amitrypaline

2nd line- valproate, pizotifen, gabapentin, pregabalin

27

injury to upper brachial plexus

erb's palsy

waiters tip

associated with shoulder dystonia

28

+ simmonds test

achilles tendon rupture

29

anti acetylecholine receptor antibody

myasthenia gravis

30

purely motor symtpoms with ocular sparing

motor neurone disease

31

cervial myelopathy

high stepping gait and + Rombergs test

32

panda/racoon eyes

anterior cranial fossa farcture

33

battle sign (behind ears)

mid cranial fossa fratcure

34

diarrhoea and weakness

guillian barre syndrome