Parkinsons/Parkinsonism Flashcards Preview

Neurology year 3 > Parkinsons/Parkinsonism > Flashcards

Flashcards in Parkinsons/Parkinsonism Deck (20):
1

what is dystonia?

prolonged muscle spasm

2

name some features of hyperkinetic motor disease?

dystonia
tics
clonus
chorea
tremor

3

name some features of hypokinetic motor disease?

bradykninesia- slowing of movements
rigidity

4

what part of the brain is affected in parkinsons

basal ganglia

5

name some non motor features of parkinsons?

cant smell
cognitive impairment
pyschiatric symptoms
sleep disorders
pain
fatigue
autonomic dysfunction

6

what is rapid eye movement sleep behaviour disorder?

parasomnia characterized by disruptive sleep behaviour.like kicking and flailing about

increased risk of developing a neurodegenerative disease

7

most common genetic mutation for parkinsons?

GBA

8

when should dopamine agonists be avoided?

in those with obsessive compulsive disorders

9

what is bradykinesia?

slowness of movement with progressive loss of amplitude or speed

10

what is hypomimia

loss of facial expression

11

what is micrographia?

progressively slower handwriting

12

when is a resting tremor best observed?

when they are distarcted..get them to close eyes and count back from 100

13

symmetrical , postural or kinetic tremor with higher frequency?

essential tremor

14

hot cross bun sign

jerky postural tremor

parkinsons
cerebellar feature

multi system atrophy

15

what is a tremor

rhythmic sinusoidal oscillation of body part

16

what is tics

involuntary stereotyped movements or vocaliazation

17

what is chorea

breif irregular purposeful movements which flow from one body part to another

18

what is a kinetic tremor usuually caused by?

cerebellar disease
wilsons disease

19

if people struggle to get up from standing what do they probably have?

proximal muscle weakness

20

is power normal in parkinsons?

yes