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Flashcards in C9 Deck (16):
1

Behavioral Momentum

The susceptibility of responding to disruption by manipulations such as presession feeding, delivery of free food, or a change in the schedule of reinforcement.

2

Consolidation

The establishment of a memory in relatively permanent form so that it is available for retrieval a long time after original acquisition.

3

Discrimination Hypothesis

An explanation of the partial-reinforcement extinction effect according to which extinction is slower after partial reinforcement than continuous reinforcement because the onset of extinction is more difficult to detect following partial reinforcement.

4

Extinction [classical]

Reduction of a learned response that occurs because the CS is no longer paired with the US. Also, the procedure of repeatedly presenting a CS without the US.

5

Extinction [instrumental]

Reduction of the instrumental response that occurs because the response is no longer followed by the reinforcer. Also, the procedure of no longer reinforcing the instrumental response.

6

Forgetting

The loss of a learned response that occurs because information about training is irrevocably lost due to the passage of time. Forgetting is contrasted with extinction, which is produced by a specific procedure rather than the passage of time.

7

Frustration

An aversive emotional reaction that results from the unexpected absence of reinforcement.

8

Frustration Theory

A theory of the partialreinforcement extinction effect, according to which extinction is slower after partial reinforcement because the instrumental response becomes conditioned to the anticipation of frustrative nonreward.

9

Overtraining Extinction Effect

Less persistence of instrumental behavior in extinction following extensive training with reinforcement (overtraining) than following only moderate levels of training. This effect is most prominent with continuous reinforcement.

10

Magnitude Reinforcement Extinction Effect

Less persistence of instrumental behavior in extinction following training with a large reinforcer than following training with a small or moderate reinforcer. This effect is most prominent with continuous reinforcement.

11

Partial Reinforcement Extinction Effect

The term used to describe greater persistence in instrumental responding in extinction after partial (or intermittent) reinforcement training than after continuous reinforcement training.

12

Reinstatement

Reappearance of an extinguished response produced by exposure to the US or reinforcer.

13

Renewal Effect

Reappearance of an extinguished response produced by a shift away from the contextual cues that were present during extinction. In ABA renewal, the shift is back to the context of acquisition. In ABC renewal, the shift is to a familiar context unrelated to either acquisition or extinction.

14

Resurgence

Reappearance of an extinguished response caused by the extinction of another behavior.

15

Sequential Theory

A theory of the partial-reinforcement extinction effect according to which extinction is retarded after partial reinforcement because the instrumental response becomes conditioned to the memory of nonreward.

16

Spontaneous Recovery [in extinction]

Reappearance of an extinguished response caused by the passage of time. (Compare with spontaneous recovery in habituation.)