Cancer and the Immune System Flashcards Preview

Immuno Final > Cancer and the Immune System > Flashcards

Flashcards in Cancer and the Immune System Deck (15)
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1

Cancer is the number 2 death behind _________

cardiovascular disease

2

A particular gene that when mutated can cause a cell to proliferate inappropriately is known as a _________

proto-oncogene

3

A mutated version of a photo-oncogene is known as an _________

oncogene

4

Between _________ and _________ mutations are required to produce most common cancers

4-7

5

Liver cancer is associated with chronic _________ in 20% of cases

hepatitis B

6

** VIRAL infections contribute to _________ of all human cancers

15-20%

7

** In people with cancer, higher _________ counts are associated with longer survival

lymphocyte

8

CTLs are probably MORE effective in _________ cells than in SPONTANEOUS TUMORS

cancerous blood (cells)

9

Some cancerous blood cells express high levels of _________

B7

10

** _________ may provide SURVEILLANCE against some cancers by preventing ANGIOGENESIS

macrophages

11

** In vitro, _________ cells can destroy some cancer cells

NK cells

12

Vaccination can be used in _________ associated cancers like Hep B/Liver cancer and HPV/Cervical cancer

virally (associated CA)

13

** _________ is a manufactured ANTIBODY that TARGETS a protein called PD-L1

MPDL320A

14

** _________ is found on the SURFACE of many CANCER cells and IMPAIRS the immune system's ability to FIGHT the disease

PD-L1

15

Injecting a tumor with _________ which hyper activates macrophages can destroy a tumor

Bacille Calmette-Guerin (BCG)