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Flashcards in Vaccines Deck (37)
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1

** The GOAL of VACCINATION is to attempt to STIMULATE _________ immune system to create _________

adaptive
memory

2

** An _________ is a substance than ENHANCES antigen specific immune response

Adjuvant

3

** ADJUVANTS increase _________

immune response

4

** Aluminum adjuvant STIMULATES the production of _________

cytokines

5

Excessive use of ANTACIDS is a common cause of _________ toxicity, especially in those with kidney problems

aluminum (toxicity)

6

Aluminum _________ is considered SAFER than aluminum _________

phosphate
hydroxide

7

Protection provided to all individuals in a population due to the inability of a pathogen to effectively spread when a larger proportion of individuals are resistant is known as _________

herd immunity

8

In MEMORY T and B cells, Dendritic cells use _________ molecules to present peptides derived from the invaders proteins

MHC II

9

_________ B and T cells can be produced efficiently, even when NO immune system cells have been INFECTED by the attacker

MEMORY B and T cells

10

** MEMORY KILLER T (CTLs) cells can be produced during a microbial attack

true/false

true

11

** In MEMORY KILLER T (CTLs) cells, the INFECTED microbe must be presented to the APC on a _________ molecule

MHC I

12

** MEMORY HELPER T and B cells can be produced even when the invader DOES NOT infect the APC

true/false

true

13

** In _________ cells, the attacker MUST infect the APC

MEMORY KILLER T cells (CTLs)

14

VIRUS-SPECIFIC CTLs can be generated even when the virus DOES NOT infect the APCs, this is known as _________

cross presentation

15

** _________ vaccines are designed NOT to INFECT the recipient of the vaccine

KILL Vaccines/NON-Infectious Vaccines

16

The SALK vaccine and COMMON FLU vaccine are examples of _________ vaccines

KILL/NON-INFECTIOUS vaccines

17

_________ vaccines are used to treat BACTERIAL infection

toxoid

18

TOXOID vaccines require MULTIPLE DOESES during child and must be re-administered every _________ years

10

19

When a TOXOID vaccine is injected, it mobilizes _________

B cells

20

DIPTHERIA and TETANUS vaccines are examples of _________ vaccines

TOXOID vaccines

21

An example of a NON-Infectious (KILL) Vaccine prepares using ONLY certain parts of a pathogen is a _________ vaccine

Acellular

22

Pertussis vaccine is an example of a _________ vaccine (2 parts)

Acellular (vaccine)
(KILL-NON infectious) vaccine

23

Which of the vaccines is the vaccine of CHOICE?

Acellular vaccine

24

** NON-Infectious (KILL) vaccines DO NOT produce _________ cells

Memory KILLER T cells (CTLs) (Bc the APC is NOT INFECTED)

(They DO produce Memory HELPER T and B cells)

25

** Growing a virus in a laboratory in a cell type which is NOT normal to the host is an example of a _________ vaccine

Attenuated (LIVE) vaccine

26

** In _________ vaccines, the virus will accumulate MUTATIONS, which WEAKEN the virus

Attenuated/LIVE (vaccines)

27

** _________ vaccines CAN produce Memory KILLER T (CTLs) Cells

Attenuated (LIVE) vaccines

28

** When a person is vaccinated with an ATTENUATED (LIVE) Vaccine, they can INFECT OTHER PEOPLE who come into contact with them. This is known as _________

contact immunity

(Spreads immunity around)

29

** Contact immunity is associated with _________ vaccines

Attenuated (LIVE) vaccines

30

People with a WEAK immune system may NOT be suitable for a _________ vaccine

Attenuated/LIVE (vaccine)