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Flashcards in Cancer Facts Deck (15):
1

Which type of tumor is more malignant?
Differentiated or undifferentiated?

Undifferentiated is worse to have

2

When cancer spread to a distant site it is called____.

Metastasis

3

A person should have a yearly work up exam for cancer detection over the age of ____.

40

4

In general, cancer drugs have side effects in which three body systems?

GI, Hematologic,Integumentary

5

What are the most common Chemo GI side effects?

N&V
Diarrhea
Stomatitis (oral sores)

6

Clients receiving chemo must be NPO. (T/F)

False

7

It is permissible to give lidocaine viscous before meals if the patient has chemo stomatitis. (T/F)

True

8

With what solution solid the client with chemo stomatitis rinse after meals?

Hydrogen peroxide

9

What lubricant can safely be applied to the cracked lips of chemo stomatitis?

K-Y jelly

10

Name 3 Hematologic side effects of chemo

Thrombocytopenia, luekopenia, anemia

11

When should the nurse with old IM injections in the client on chemo?

Only when their platelet count is down

12

What are the 3 objective signs/symptoms of thrombocytopenia?

Epistaxis (nose bleed)

Ecchymosis (bruising)

Petechiae (small dot-like pinpoint hemorrhage son the skin)

13

What's blood cell is low in leukopenia?

•WBC

• When ANC

14

What is he #1 integumentary side effects

•Alopecia-hair loss
•Hair loss due to chemo is usually temporary
• In some cases, scalp tourniquets and ice packs to the scalp prevent chemo alopecia

15

Neoplasm refers to benign and malignant tumors. (T/F)

True

Benign "non• cancerous"

Malignant "cancerous"