Blood Transfusion Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Blood Transfusion Deck (13):
1

If a transfusion reaction occurs what should the nurse do first

STOP the blood flow, start running the saline

2

How long can unit of blood be on. Unit before it must be started.

Less than 1/2hr

3

What are the signs and symptoms of transfusion reaction

Low back pain, wheezing,fever, hives

4

What are the three types of transfusion reaction that can occur

Hemolytic,febrile, allergic

5

What are the sign and symptoms of a hemolytic transfusion reaction

Shivering, HA, low back pain, increased pulse and respirations, decreasing BP, oliguria, hematuria

6

What are the sign and symptoms of a febrile transfusion reaction

Low back pain, shaking, HA, increase temp, confusion, hemoptysis

7

What are the sign and symptoms of a allergic transfusion reaction

Hives-urticaria, wheezing, pruritus, join pain (arthralgia)

8

Give three reasons for a blood transfusion

Restore blood vol. secondary to hemorrhage, maintain hemoglobin in Armenia, replace specific blood components

9

How long should you stay with the patient after the beginning a transfusion

@ least 15 to 30 mins

10

What is the routine for vital sign measurement with a transfusion

Once before administration and q15 mins 2x after administration is began, then 1q 1x after transfusion has stopped

11

What other things are appropriate to do after a reaction

Call MD, get a blood and urine sample, monitor vs, send blood to lab

12

Can blood be given immediately after removal from refrigeration

No, it has to be warned first for about 20 to 30 mins

13

What should the nurse measure before starting a transfusion

The vital signs