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Flashcards in AIDS Deck (32):
1

The AIDS virus invades helper ____ ______.

T-lymphocytes (CD4 cells)

2

AIDS is transmissible through what four routes?

Blood, sexual contact, breastfeeding, across placenta in utero.

3

HIV is present in all body fluids(T/F)

Yes, but not transmitted by all- only blood, semen and breast milk

4

Name the five risk group for AIDS

Homosexual/bisexual men, IV drug users, Hemophiliacs, heterosexual partners of infected people, newborn children of infected women

5

What is the first test for HIV antibodies?

ELISA

6

What test confirms the ELISA?

Western Blot

7

Which test is the best indicator of the progress of HIV disease?

The CD4 count

8

A CD4 count of under ____ is associated with the oneset of AIDS-related symptoms.

500

9

A CD4 count under _____ is associated with the onset of opportunistic infections.

200

10

Give 6 symptoms of HIV disease?

Anorexia, fatigue, weakness, night sweats, fever, diarrhea

11

What virus causes AIDS?

HIV

12

Which two classes of drugs are given in combination for HIV seri-positivity?

NTRI's and PI's

13

What do these drugs do?

To prevent viral replication

14

What's is the most common NRTI used?

AZT (zidovudine)

15

What is the most challenging aspect of combination of drug therapy for HIV disease?

The number of pills that must be taken in 24 hrs can be overwhelming. The frequency also makes it hard to remember- am alarm wristwatch is used.

16

Clients with AIDS (gain/lose) weight?

Lose

17

The typical pneumonia of AIDS is caused by _____ ______.

Pneumocystis carinii

18

What type of oral/esophageal infections do AIDS patients get?

Candida

19

What's the #1 cancer AIDS patients get?

Kaposi's sarcoma

20

Kaposi's sarcoma is a cancer of the_____.

Skin

21

Can AIDS patients also get lymphomas?

Yes

22

What lab findings are present in AIDS?

Decreased RBC, WBC, platelets

23

If the AIDS patient has leukopenia they will be on _____ ______.

Protective (reverse) isolation

24

Without leukopenia the AIDS patient will be on ______ precautions.

Standard precautions or blood and body fluid precautions.

25

When the AIDS patient has a low platelet count, what is indicated?

Bleeding precautions: No IM's, no rectal temperatures, other bleeding precautions

26

Dose AIDS require a single room?

Yes- if WBC counts are low

27

When do you need a gown with AIDS?

If you are going to get contaminated with secretions.

28

When do you wear a mask with AIDS?

Not usually necessary unless they have an infection caused by an airborne bug

29

When do you need goggle with AIDS?

Suctioning, central line start, arterial procedures

30

If an AIDS patient's blood contaminates a counter top, with what do you clean?

1:10 solution of bleach and water

31

Are all articles used by AIDS patients double- bagged?

No-only contaminated with secretions

32

Can AIDS patients leave the floor?

Yes, unless WBC's are very low