Cataracts Flashcards Preview

Nclex Review > Cataracts > Flashcards

Flashcards in Cataracts Deck (16):
1

Is surgery done immediately upon diagnosis of cataract

No, usually wait until it interferes with ADLs

2

What are the three most common visual defects occurs with cataract

Cloudiness, Diplopia (double vision), Photophobia (sensitivity to light)

3

What are the two common treatments of cataract

Laser
Surgical removal (intra or extra ocular lens extraction)

4

What does the eye look like when the client has cataract

Cloudy, milky white pupil

5

What will the client be wearing after cataract removal

A protective patch/shield on the operative eye for 24hrs

At night for 3 wks a metal shield

6

When the client ask about the use of glasses or contacts after cataract surgery what would you say?

If an Intraocular lense implanted, no glasses needed

If No lense implanted, thick glasses given immediately, contact with be fitted 3 months post-op

7

What positions are to be avoided after cataract surgery?

Lying face down, DO NOT lie on operative side for a month

DO lie on back

8

What is post-op signs of hemorrhage into the eye?

Severe pain
Restlessness

9

What movements are to be avoided after cataract surgery?

Coughing
Sneezing
Bending @ the waist
Straining stool
Rubbing or touching eyes
Rapid head movements

10

Should you use talcum powder with a post-op cataract client

NO, may cause sneezing
AVIOD pepper

11

What are the 3 signs of increases intraocular pressure?

Pain ( moderate to severe), restlessness, increase pulse

12

What is the major object in caring for a client after surgical cataract removal?

To prevent pressure in or on the eyes

13

When the lens is to be extracted for cataract what drugs are given post op?

Mydriatics, dilators, ATB

14

What 3 drugs are given post op?

Stool softeners
Antiemetics (N&V)
Analgesics

15

Give 5 causes of cataract

Injury
Congenital
Exposure to heat
Heredity
Age

16

Define cataracts

Opacity of the crystalline lens