Cancer nutrition Flashcards Preview

DPPT Unit 2 > Cancer nutrition > Flashcards

Flashcards in Cancer nutrition Deck (26):
1

What are ecological and migrant studies?

Geographic studies of people

2

What are case-control studies?

Study patients with and without cancer and look at differences in their pasts

3

What are prospective cohort studies?

Follow study participants and see which ones develop cancer

4

What are randomized-control studies?

Give people randomized diet plans and see who develops cancer

5

What are meta-analyses?

Mathematically combine multiple studies

6

What four cancers are more common in affluent countries?

(1) Lung
(2) Colorectal
(3) Breast
(4) Prostate

7

What five cancers are more common in poor countries?

(1) Gastric
(2) Liver
(3) Oral cavity
(4) Esophagus
(5) Uterine cervix

8

What decreases risk for colorectal cancer?
(5)

Physical activity
(2) Dietary fiber
(3) Garlic
(4) Milk
(5) Calcium

9

What increases risk for colorectal cancer?
(6)

(1) Processed meat
(2) Red meat
(3) Alcohol
(4) High body fat
(5) Abdominal fatness
(6) Height

10

What increases and decreases risk for premenopausal breast cancer?

Decrease: lactation, body fatness
Increase: alcohol, height, high birth weight

11

What increases and decreases risk for postmenopausal breast cancer?

Decrease: lactation, physical activity
Increase: alcohol, height, body fatness, abdominal fatness, adult weight gain

12

What increases and decreases risk for prostate cancer?

Decrease: foods containing lycopene
Increase: high diet calcium

13

What effect do milk and dairy products have on cancer risk in men?

Decrease: colorectal cancer
Increase: prostate cancer

14

How can patients reduce their risk of developing cancer?
(8)

(1) Be lean without being underweight
(2) Be physically active for 30 min per day
(3) Avoid sugary drinks
(4) Eat more veggies and fruits
(5) Limit consumption of red meats
(6) Limit consumption of alcohol
(7) Limit salt intake
(8) Dont use supplements to protect against cancer

15

What cancers does tallness increase risk for?
(5)

(1) Colorectal
(2) Postmenopausal breast
(3) Pancreas
(4) Ovary
(5) Premenopausal breast

16

What cancers does exercise reduce risk for?

(1) Colon
(2) Postmenopausal breast
(3) Endometrial

17

What cancers can vegetable and fruit consumption reduce risk for?

(1) Mouth
(2) Esophagus
(3) Stomach

18

What cancer does red meat consumption increase risk for?

Pancreatic

19

What cancer does high salt intake increase risk for?

Stomach cancer

20

What cancer does β-carotene increase risk for?

Lung cancer

21

What cancer does calcium reduce risk for?

Colon cancer

22

What did the EPIC study investigate and find?

(1) The effect of 7 recommendations to reduce cancer
(2) The study found that every recommendation followed reduced risk for total cancers, especially colorectal and stomach
(3) Prostate, ovarian, pancreatic, and bladder cancers were unaffected

23

What changes in the a cancer patient's rules of healthy eating?

Priority is weight management/stabilization/gain

24

How should diet be changed to suit cancer patients?

(1) Limit beverages with meals - fluid between meals instead
(2) Increase fiber intake
(3) Increase caloric content of food
(4) Small, frequent foods to address early satiety

Good diet management leads to better outcomes

25

What is the obesity paradox in cancer patients?

Obesity increases risk for developing cancer but also leads to greater survival

26

What guidelines should cancer survivors follow?

(1) Maintain healthy weight
(2) Exercise frequently
(3) Maintain good diet