Canine Infectious Diseases Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Canine Infectious Diseases Deck (20):
1

What are the 2 main human tapeworms?

Tameka Saginaw a and Tameka solium

2

What is cysticecus cellulosae

Larval stage of taenia solium

3

Where would you find cysticercus sellulosus

Muscle of infected pork

4

Describe the lifecycle of taenia solium

Eggs passed in faeces and spread onto pasture where they can survive for 9 months
Ingested by pigs and enter blood stream and cysts form in humans ingest the cysts in undercooked pork and then heads attach to intestine so the tapeworm is in the intestine of the human

5

What are the 4 core vaccines for dogs

distemper, hepatitis, parvovorus and parainfluenza and leptosporosis

6

when would you vaccinate a puppy

2 vaccines between 8-12 weeks

7

what family of viruses does distemper belong to

paramoxyviridae

8

why is distemper virus rare in dogs in the UK

due to vaccination

9

How is distemper virus spread and there does it replicate in the body

spread by aerosol and rep;licates in the tonsils and respiratory tract causing viraemia

10

what are 3 agent of kennel cough that there are vaccines available against

bordetella, parainfluenza and adenovirus

11

what is the incubation period for kennel cough

3-5 days

12

what are the signs associated with distemper and in what order to they appear

first see ocular nasal discharge becoming mucopurulent
then soft productive cough and then vomiting and diarrhoea

13

what other signs can be seen with distemper virus? other than the main 3

neurological signs - unable to walk properly, ataxia, seizures etc

14

how is distemper diagnosed

based on 3 typical signs of discharge, coughing and V&D
leukopenia followed by neutrophilia
eosinophilic inclusions in conjunctival smears - inclusion bodies within WBCs

15

what is canine adenovirus 1 also known as

infectoious canine hepatitis

16

how is canine adenovirus transmitted

body tissues and secretions like saliva and urine (10-14 days post infection)

17

what body systems does adenovirus affect and how

liver - hepatitis
kidney - nephritis
eye - uveitis
excreted in saliva, urine and faeces

18

how is adenovirus diagnosed

serology, isolation and inclusion bodies in the liver

19

what vaccine is best to use for adenovirus

modified live CAV 2 - gives cross protection

20

Which groups of leptosporisis are we most worried about in the UK

icterohaemorrhagia and canicola