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Flashcards in small Animal Reproduction Deck (26):
1

What type of breeders are queens?

Induced ovulated, polyoestrus and seasonal long day breeders

2

What's the average litter size of a queen?

3-5

3

What hormone maintains the pregnancy and is produced by the corpus luteum?

Progesterone

4

What luteotrophic factors maintain progesterone secretion?

Prolactin and relaxin

5

In the case of a pseudopregnancy in the cat, how many days will the CL secrete progesterone for?
How man days if pregnant?

30-40 days
65 days

6

What is the average gestation in the queen?

63-65 days

7

Hat factor will decrease the gestation period in cats?

Having a larger litter

8

What substance released from the pineal gland stimulates FSH production in cats?

Melatonin

9

What hormone is produced by the follicle?

Oestrogen

10

At day is it best to use abdominal palpating to diagnose pregnancy in cats?

Day 21 but can be done from day 14

11

How many days following mating does implantation occur in cats?

14 days

12

How would you tell if a cat had been spayed?

Look for signs of oestrus, look for any scars and can check oestrogen levels and LH

13

When do bitches reach maturity?

9 months

14

What type of breeders are bitches?

Non-seasonal mono-oestrus

15

What is the name of the period of sexual inactivity?

Anoestrus

16

What hormone level is high during literal phase?

Progesterone

17

How long does oestrus last in the bitch?

9 days

18

What are the medical options for oestrus suppression?

Progesterone and androgens

19

What are the medical options for abortion?

Anti-progestin and prostaglandins

20

What hormone mediates the symptoms seen in pseudopregnancy in the bitch?

Prolactin

21

What is galastop? What is it used to treat?

Prolactin inhibitor
Pseudopregnancy

22

How long would you wait before intervening with a dogs pregnancy?

70 days

23

What does it mean if you see green/black fluid coming from the vulva?

Placenta has detached

24

What are the medical options to help with dystocia?

Oxytocin to increase frequency of contractions
Calcium gluconate to increase the force of contractions

25

What is ecampsia

Hypocalcaemia - need to give IV calcium

26

What is the cause of primary and secondary agalactia?

Primary if failure of mammary gland development
Secondary is failure if milk let down