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Flashcards in Toxicology Deck (18):
1

what are signs of ibuprofen intoxication?

vomiting and GI haemorrhage

2

what is the toxic dose of ibuprofen for renal system?

175mg

3

what is the difference between 1st and 2nd gen coumarins

2nd gen are more potent with longer half life

4

how would you diagnose coumarin poisoning

prolonged cpagulation time - PT and APTT

5

what substance in chocolate is toxic to dogs?

methylxanthines - theobromine

6

what are signs of chocolate poisoning in dogs

CNS stimulation and respiratory affects - tachycardia, arrhythmia, seizures, vomiting and abdominal pain

7

why are cats susceptable to paracetamol poisoning

lack the glucoronidation pathway with detoxifies it in the liver

8

what would you see in the blood of a cat with paracetamol poisoning

heinz bodies

9

what are the clinical sigsn of paracetamol poisoning in cats

methaemaglobinaemia dysponea, cyanosis , hypothermia and brown mucous membranes

10

what are the signs of paracetamol poisoning in dogs

hepatic failure - oxidative stress to hepatocytes

11

what is permethrin found in

flea treatments

12

signs of permethrin poisoning in cats

hypersalivation, vomiting, ataxia and seizures

13

what are metaldyhydes

slug pellets

14

signs of metaldehyde poisoning

anxiety, hyperaesthesia, salivation, tremors, ataxia and tachycardia

15

what body system do lillies affect in cats

nephrotoxicity - renal failure

16

what is benzalkonium chloride found in and what are clinical signs of poisoning

household cleaners
tongue ulceration, skin irritation and salivation

17

what is ethylene glycol and what is used as an antidote?

antifreeze and screen washer - use alcohol

18

where is salbutamol found and what would you treat it with

asthma inhalers - b blockers ( inhalers contain b agonists)