Flashcards in Carbohydrates Deck (18)
what is glucose?
a hexose monossacharide that is polar and soluble.
where are the hydroxyls on alpha glucose?
both on the bottom of the atom
where are the hydroxyls on beta glucose?
one on the bottom one on the top
what bonds form between 2 glucose molecules?
what type of reaction creates glycosidic bonds?
fructose and glucose make...
what makes lactose?
galactose and glucose
what do 2 alpha glucose make?
what bond is formed between 2 alpha glucose molecules?
1,4 glycosidic bond
what is the polysaccharide of glucose called?
what are the 2 components of starch?
what is amylose?
glucose molecules with 1,4 glycosidic bonds that form a helix
properties of amylose
it is compact and less soluble
what is amylopectin?
glucose molecules with 1,4 and 1,6 glycosidic bonds that make it branched
properties of amylopectin
has a branched structure making it compact and uses less room for storage
what is cellulose made from
what is the structure of cellulose?
alternating beta glucose molecules with 1,4 glycosidic bonds. it makes hydrogen bonds with each other forming microfibrils which then join to form microfibrils