Cardiac Terms, Pathology and HTN Classification Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Cardiac Terms, Pathology and HTN Classification Deck (38)
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1

What is Endocarditis?

Inflammation of the endothelium that lines the heart and cardiac valves

2

What is Normal BP?

SBP < 120 mm Hg
DBP < 80 mm Hg

3

What is Cor Pulmonale or Pulmonary Heart Disease?

Hypertrophy of the right ventricle caused by altered structure or function of the lungs

4

What is Chronic Venous Insufficiency (CVI)?

Veins and valves in LE are damaged and cannot keep blood flowing to the heart

5

What is Heart Failure?

Heart cannot maintain a normal cardiac output to meet body's demands for blood and oxygen. (Progressive)

6

What is the Parasympathetic Influence on the heart?

- Dec HR: Slow heart rate (- chronotropic effect)

7

What is the pacemaker of the heart?

Sinoarial (SA) node

8

What is Hypertension?

SBP > or = 140 mm Hg
DBP > or = 90 mm Hg

9

What is Prinzmetal (variant) Angina?

Occurs due to coronary artery spasm most often associated with coronary artery disease

10

What is Cardiomyopathy?

Group of conditions that affect the myocardium

11

What is a Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy?

Characterized by hypertrophy of the interventricular septum

12

What is the BP range for a Stage 2 Hypertensive Adult?

SBP > or = 160 mm Hg
SBP > or = 100 mm Hg

13

Pericardium

Double-walled connective tissue sac around outside of heart

14

What is Peripheral Artery Disease (PAD)?

Stenotic, occulsive and aneurysmal diseases of the aorta and peripheral arteries

15

What is Coronary Artery Disease (CAD)?

Narrowing or blockage of the coronary artery due to plaques

16

What is Unstable Angina?

- More intense than Stable Angina
- Lasts longer
- Occurs spontaneously at rest
- Is progressive
**Any combination of the above

17

What is Lymphedema?

Edema, or swelling, due to an accumulation in the extremities

18

Myocardium

thick contractile muscle layer

19

What is the Sympathetic Influence on the heart?

- Inc HR: Chambers beat faster (+ chronotropic effect)
- Inc SV: Greater force contraction (+ inotropic effect)

20

What is Rheumatic Fever?

Inflammatory disease that can develop as a complication of untreated or poorly treated strep throat A bacteria

21

What is a Restrictive Cardiomyopathy?

Characterized by rigid, noncompliant myocardium - doesn’t want to stretch out

22

What is Bruits auscultated?

audible vascular sound associated with turbulent blood flow (stethoscope or palpation)

23

What is the BP range for a Stage 1 Hypertensive Adult?

SBP 140 - 159 mm Hg
DBP 90 - 99 mm Hg

24

What is Atherosclerosis?

Slow progressive accumulation of plaque in the arteries

25

What is a Dilated Cardiomyopathy?

Characterized by ventricular dilation and severely impaired systolic function

26

What is Myocarditis?

Inflammation and weakness of the myocardium

27

What is Stable Angina?

Sensations in myocardium that happen at predictable level of exertion and responds to rest or nitroglycerin
- non-radiating
- lasts 5-15 mins

28

What is Valvular Heart Disease?

Damage to one or more heart's valves results in regurgitation or stenosis of blood flow

29

What is the BP range for a Prehypertensive Adult?

SBP 120 - 139 mm Hg
DBP 80 - 89 mm Hg

30

What are the most common places for an Aneurysm to occur?

- Thoracic aorta
- Abdominal aorta
- Vessels in the brain