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Flashcards in Cardio Dzs Deck (68)
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1

Which part of the heart is the thickest?

Left ventricle

2

How many lobes does the left side of the lungs have? Their names?

3
Cranial, middle, caudal

3

How many lobes does the right side of the lungs have? Their names?

4
Cranial, middle, caudal, accessory

4

Most common neoplasia of the cardiorespiratory system

Hemangiosarcoma

5

What diagnostic tool measures electrical activity of the heart>

Electrocardiogram

6

What diagnostic tool helps view the activity of the heart?

Echocardiogram

7

Which sided heart failure shows c/s of fluid build up in the respiratory tract, pulmonary edema, coughing, and dyspnea?

Left side

8

Which sided heart failure shows c/s of fluid build up in the body, ascites, pitting edema, and pleural effusion?

Right side

9

What side heart failure is most common?

Left

10

What is the vector for heartworm?

Mosquito

11

What is the scientific name of heartworms?

Dirofilaria immitis

12

Where do adult heartworms reside?

R ventricle and pulmonic artery

13

Fluid backed up in the heart

CHF

14

How long does it take for heartworm to complete a life cycle?

6 months

15

End stage of heartworm dz
Worms travel to vena cava and cause RBC hemolysis which causes anemia and the hemolyzed RBCs travel to the liver and congest it. Causes jaundice and liver failure

Caval syndrome

16

A secondary dz in cats from heartworms that is commonly misdiagnosed with bronchitis and asthma
Dying worms causing a reaction

HARD (Heartworm Associated Respiratory Disease)

17

Whats the best way to dx heartworm dz?

Serology test

18

What heartworms excrete hormones to help dx?

Adult females

19

What other worm may heartworm be confused with?

Acanthochelioma reconditum

20

What adulticide is used for heartworm?

Melarsomine

21

What is a common microfilaricide used?

Ivermectin

22

What type of heartworm infection involves no circulating microfilaria and sterile or male only infections

Occult Heartworm Infx

23

Occult heartworm infex are more common in

cats

24

What age should you start heartworm preventatives?

6-8 weeks

25

What geographic area and what time of the year should you use heartworm preventatives?

All, year round

26

When should you test for heartworm?

6 mos after last missed preventative dose if over 6 mos of age

27

Collies, Shelties, Australian shepherds, and Long-haired whippets may have a toxicity to

Ivermectin

28

A disease that is usually asymptomatic and may get worse with age
C/S: similar to left-sided heart failure, may be associated with dental dz, low grade murmur on the left side
Small breed dogs

Valvular dz

29

What type of valvular disease is most common?

Mitral insufficiency or prolapse

30

CMVI

Chronic Mitral valve insufficiency