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Clin Med IV > Reproductive System Dz > Flashcards

Flashcards in Reproductive System Dz Deck (106)
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1

When do female dogs reach puberty?

6-12 mos

2

What type of estrous cycle do dogs have?

Diestrous

3

______ breeds reach puberty earlier than ________ breeds

small;large

4

Dogs will cycle every how many months?

6 mos

5

Cats reach puberty by

6-9 mos

6

Cats cycle multiple times each season so they are considered

seasonally polyestrous

7

During what months do cats cycle?

Jan-Oct

8

2 reasons why the estrous cycle is important

1. Time breeding
2. Dx dz

9

At what age should you mate dogs?

2 years

10

How many days post bleeding can you breed a female?

Day 12 (or 11-14)

11

Should you breed during the first heat, every heat?

No

12

5 stages of estrous

1. Proestrus
2. Estrus
3. Metestrus
4. Diestrus
5. Anestrus

13

How long does proestrus last?

about 9 days

14

Which stage of estrous is characterized by bloody discharge, swollen vulva, increased estrogen, low progesterone, and will not stand for male?

Proestrus

15

What 2 type of cells are found with proestrus

1. Erythrocytes
2. Non-cornified (superficial)

16

How long does estrus last?

about 9 days

17

Which stage of estrous is characterized by swollen vulva, discharge, will stand for male, ovulation, increased then decreased estrogen, and increased progesterone?

Estrus

18

The transitional stage of estrous

Metestrus

19

How long does diestrus last?

about 58 days

20

Which stage of estrous is characterized by decrease in discharge and increased progesterone levels??

Diestrus

21

What type of cells are seen with estrus?

cornified cells

22

What type of cells are seen with diestrus?

Noncornified

23

What 2 complications can arise during diestrus?

1. Pseudopregnancy
2. pyometra

24

How long does anestrus last?

2-5 months

25

This stage of the estrous cycle is characterized as the time of reproductive rest

Anestrus

26

Which stage of estrous has the fewest cells upon cytology?

Anestrus

27

What 3 complications could arise during anestrus?

1. Postpartum ecclampsia
2. Metritis
3. Mastitis

28

How long does a cat's estrous cycle last? And how often does it recur?

1-3 weeks
2-3 weeks

29

If a female cat is rolling, affectionate, vocalizing, and raising her back end, she may be

in heat

30

The downward curvature of the lumbar spine of a feline in heat

Lordosis