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Flashcards in cardio quick facts Deck (33):
1

Orthopnea, paroxysmal nocturnal dyspnea, jugular venous distention, S3

CHF

2

Sudden death in athlete_

HOCM

3

Fixed wide splitting of S2

Atrial Septal Defect

4

X-Ray: Rib notching, 3 sign

Coarctation of Aorta

5

Machine like murmur

PDA

6

Cyanosis with crying or feeding

Tetralogy of Fallot

7

Holosystolic murmur

VSD

8

Hypotensive, cool, clammy skin

Cardiogenic Shock

9

Irregular irregular rhythm

Atrial Fibrillation

10

Progressivly lengthening PR interval

Mobitz 1

11

Saw tooth pattern

Atrial Flutter

12

Long PR interval

AV Block

13

Dropped QRS without lengthening

Mobitz 2

14

Independent P wave and QRS complex

Third Degree Block

15

Narrow complex tachycardia

Paroxysmal Supraventricular Tachycardia

16

Chest pain relieved with rest

Stable Angina

17

Diffuse ST segment elevations, coronary artery spasm

Prinzmetal Angina

18

Morpine, oxygen, nitrates, aspirin

ACS

19

NO betablockers, give benzodiazepines

Cocaine Induced MI

20

Tobacco

Aortic Aneurysm

21

Marfan Syndrome, Ehlers-Danlos syndrome, tearing chest pain, Wide mediastinum

Aortic Dissection

22

Jaw claudicaton, visual disturbance, >50 years of age

GCA

23

Leg pain relieved with rest, cilastazol

PAD

24

Palpable Cord

Superficial Thrombophlebitis

25

Virchows triad, unilateral LE swelling, pain, and erythema. Homan sign

DVT

26

Right side murmurs increase with inspiration. Left side murmurs increase with expiration

Murmurs

27

Systolic, second right intercostal space, radiates to neck

Aortic Stenosis

28

Holosystolic murumur

Mitral regurgitation

29

Women, anxiety, mid-systolic click

MVP

30

Wide pulse pressure. Water hammer pulse

Aortic Regurgitation

31

New murmur, fever, injection drug use, streptococcus viridans , Jane way lesions, Osler nodes, Roth spots

Endocarditis

32

Pleuritic chest pain. Worse upon laying, improves with sitting. ST segment elevation, PR depression

Pericarditis

33

Becks triad (hypotension, muffled heard sounds, distended neck vein), pulses paradoxus, electrical alternans.

Cardiac Tamponade