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Flashcards in endo quick facts Deck (18):
1

Neck Surgery. Chvostek and Trousseau. Prolonged QT.

Hypoparathyroid

2

Elevated PTH and calcium. Low phosphate.Short QT interval. bones, stones, abd moans, psych groans

Primary Hyperparathyroid

3

Elevated PTH. Normal/Low calcium. Renal failure and Vit D deficiency

Secondary hyperparathyroid

4

Increased growth hormone. Pituitary tumor. Large hands/feet. Increased insulin like growth factor.

Acromegaly

5

Eye and Skin manifestation

Graves

6

PTU - first trimester. Methimazole - after first trimester.

Hyperthyroid Treatment

7

Hashimotos. Levothyroxine

Hypothyroid

8

Low TSH and Free T4. Check adrenal function.

Central hypothyroid

9

TSH. Ultrasound. Warm nodules are benign. Cold nodules are cancer.

Thyroid nodule

10

Pituitary adenoma. Lung tumor. Adrenal tumor. Low ACTH = adrenal. High ACTH = pituitary or lung.

Cushings

11

Increased ACTH = adrenal. Low ACTH = pituitary. ACTH stimulation test. Hyponatremia and hyperkalemia. Fludrocortisone.

Addisons

12

Androgen and/or estrogen secreting = cancer. CT scan. Surgery

Adrenalcortical carcinoma

13

Galactorrhea, oligomenorrhea, amenorrhea. Hook effect. HCG, TSH, MRI. Cabergoline.

Prolactinemia

14

Low c-peptide. Antibodies. Beta cell destruction.

Type 1 DM

15

Insulin insensitivity. Weight loss. Metformin.

Type 2 DM

16

Glucose >1,000. Type 1. Anion gap. beta- hydroxybutyric acid. Infection. hypokalemia

Diabetic Ketoacidosis

17

Glucose

HHS

18

Triglycerides >1000 = pancreatitis. Statins first line.

Hyperlipidemia