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Flashcards in neuro quick facts Deck (20):
1

Unilateral. Pulsating. Photophobia. Aura. 4-72 hours. Triptan.

Migraine

2

Headache+lacrimation+rhinorrhea. Men. 100% oxygen

Cluster

3

Bilateral. Band like.

Tension

4

Confused or altered mental status. Fever. HSV. CT scan, then LP.

Encephalitis

5

Brudzinski. Kernig. Fever. CT and LP. Dexamethasone, ceftriaxone, vancomycin.

Meningitis

6

Not at rest. Improves with alcohol. Treat with propranolol.

Essential Tremor

7

chorea, psychiatric change, dementia. Genetic testing. Tetrabenazine. Quitiapine.

Huntington Disease

8

Decrease dopamine. Pill rolling. Cogwheel rigidity, shuffling gait. Anticholingerics. Levodopa-carbidopa.

Parkinsons

9

Berry aneurism. Anterior circle of willis. Stop smoking. Thunderclap headache, meningeal signs LOC. CT and LP.

SAH

10

Ischemic > Hemorrhage. Facial paresis, arm drift/weakness, abnormal speech. CT scan. TPA

Stroke

11

Signs and symptoms of stroke without infarct.

TIA

12

Confusion and amnesia. Post concussion syndrome.

Concussion

13

Ascending weakness/paralysis. Absent DTR. Campylobacter infection. IVIG or plasma exchange.

GBS

14

Gradual. Progressive. TSH and Vitamin B12. Cholinesterase inhibitor. Mamantine

Dementia

15

Acute. Reversible. Fluctuations of conciseness

Delerium

16

Affects white matter. >2 distinct episodes. Women. Sensory symptoms. Optic neuritis. Oligoclonal bands. Glucocorticoids.

Multiple Sclerosis

17

Muscle weakness. Acetacholine receptor antibodies. Worse end of day. Ptosis and diplopia. EMG. Thymectomy

Myasthenia Gravis

18

Postictal confusion. Tongue biting. Urination. Foaming of mouth.

Seizure

19

Petit mal. Generalized. Children. Staring. Lip smacking. Ethosuximide

Absence

20

>5min. Benzodiazpeine. Fosphenytoin or phenytoin. Phenobarbital.

Status epilepticus