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Flashcards in msk/rheum quick facts Deck (41):
1

Abducted, externally rotated. Axillar nerve affected

Anterior Shoulder dislocation

2

Adducted, internally rotated. Electrical injury, lightening, seizure

Posterior

3

Empty can test

Rotator Cuff Tear

4

Wrist drop (radial nerve)

Mid-Shaft Humerus Fracture

5

Middle third most commonly affected. Treat with sling

Clavicle Fracture

6

Children. Median nerve and brachial artery affected. Anterior sail and posterior fat pad sign. Gun stock deformity. Volkmann contracture

Supracondylar Fracture

7

Posterior dislocation most common_

Elbow Dislocation

8

FOOSH. Snuffbox tenderness. Thumb spica splint

Scaphoid Fracture

9

Median nerve. Phalen Sign. Tinel Sign. Compression test. Thenar eminence atrophy

Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

10

5th metacarpal fracture. Ulnar gutter splint

Boxer Fracture

11

Pregnancy. Finklestein test

Dequervain Tenosynovitis

12

Young male, HLA B27, Bamboo sign

Ankylosing spondylitis

13

Bowel/bladder incontinence, saddle paresthesia

Cauda Equina

14

Shoping cart sign (pain relieved with forward bending)

Spinal Stenosis

15

Femoral neck fracture, limp, frog leg lateral Xray

Avascular Necrosis

16

Knee pain, avascular necrosis of hip

Legg-calve- perthes

17

Obese. X-ray: ice cream slipping off cone

Slipped capital Femoral Epiphysis

18

Positive ortalani and barlow test. Palpable clunk. Pavlick harness_

Developmental Hip Dysplasia

19

External rotation and shortening

Hip Fracture

20

Deceleration, hyperextension, pop, and swelling. Positive lachman or anterior drawer test.

ACL

21

Mechanical symptoms. Baker cyst. Positive mcmurray and apley test.

Meniscal Tear

22

Knee pain worse with exercise. Children. Tenderness over tibial tuberosity

Osgood- Schalter Disease

23

Positive Thompson test

Achilles Ankle Tear

24

Staph aureus

Osteomyelitis

25

Sunburst pattern

Osteosarcoma

26

Moth eaten pattern and onion peel appearance

Ewing Sarcoma

27

Knee. Bouchard (PIP) and Heberdens (DIP) nodes

Osteoarthritis

28

Risk factors: smoking ,glucocorticoids, amenorrhea

Osteoporosis

29

pain out of proportion. 6 Ps: pain, pressure, paresthesia, pulselessness, pallor, paralysis

Compartment Syndrome

30

Bilateral symmetric and progressive. Boutonniere and Swan neck deformity. Felty Syndrome

RA

31

Women, depression, pain

Fibromyalgia

32

Calcium pyrophosphate. Positive birefringent rhomboid shaped crystals

Gout

33

Polyarthritis, spiking fevers, salmon colored rash. Risk of uveitis.

Jeuvenile RA

34

Hepatitis B (etiology). Livedo reticularis, mononeuritis multiplex.

Polyarteritis Nodosa

35

Progressive proximal muscle weakness, dysphagia

Polymyositis

36

Heliotrope rash, guttron papules, shawl sign. Risk of malignancy. Anti-jo-1 and Mi-2 antibodies

Dermatomyositis

37

>50. Giant Cell arteritis

Polymyalgia Rheumatica

38

GI/GU infection, urethritis, conjunctivitis. HLA B27

Reactive Arthritis

39

Malar rash, positive ANA, discoid rash. Double stranded DNA and anti-Smith antibodies

SLE

40

Fibrosis. Calcinosis, Raynaud phenomenon , GERD, sclerodactyly, telangiectasis. Anticentrmere antibodies and SCL-70.

Scleroderma

41

Dry eyes. Positive Shirmer

Sjogren