Flashcards in *Case Review Deck (15)
can be seen as a form of risk management that seeks to apply the principles of systems audit in order to reduce the likelihood of both recurrent and a typical errors.
A.To identify and develop investigative opportunities
B.To act as a form of quality assurance
C.To identify, develop and disseminate good investigative practice
PRINCIPAL AIMS OF
A. Reducing the likelihood of problems
B.Improving individual performance
C.Introducing a new perspective (“fresh eyes”)
D.Decreasing the potential of a costly reinvestigation
E.Lessening the chance of litigation
F.Providing support to officers
G.Increasing public confidence
H.Disseminating good investigative practice
BENEFITS OF CASE REVIEW
A. Informal (“Golden Hour”) Review
C.The 28-Day Progress Review
E.Case Development Reviews (Cold Case Review)
F.Detected Case Reviews
TYPES OF CASE REVIEW
➢Conducted at an early stage of the investigation
➢Usually around day seven of an ongoing inquiry
➢Ensuring that the actions performed in the initial response stages of the investigation
➢Conducted properly and appropriately
➢Most important in terms of collecting vital forensic evidence
➢Most chaotic and therefore most prone to errors
➢If such errors are made it is often quite difficult to rectify
INFORMAL (“GOLDEN HOUR”) REVIEW
➢Self-completion of a short pro forma
➢Allows the investigator to ensure that he has completed all the basic procedural and investigative requirements
➢It is cost-efficient and does not disrupt the ongoing investigation
The main aim is to assure the quality of ongoing investigation and to assist the investigator in identifying “investigative opportunities” to help advance the inquiry.
THE 28-DAY PROGRESS REVIEW
These are used to provide an overview of a long-term investigation in order to aid decision-making with respect to whether all operational resources should be removed from the investigation.
These are being conducted on long-term unsolved cases with the intention of evaluating whether there are grounds for conducting new lines of inquiry.
CASE DEVELOPMENT REVIEWS
(COLD CASE REVIEW)
A review on a sample of their solved cases in an effort to identify good practices and thereby learn from their past successes.
DETECTED CASE REVIEW
These reviews can be conducted at any stage of an inquiry and focus upon a specific issue (such as forensic evidence or house to house inquiries), in an effort to ensure that all of the investigative actions and decisions taken with respect to that particular issue were conducted appropriately.
THREE MAIN TYPES OF WEAKNESSES IN INVESTIGATION
1. Actions, tasks or lines of inquiry that were not undertaken.
2. Actions, tasks or lines of inquiry which were undertaken but were considered to have been detrimental.
3. Actions, tasks or lines of inquiry which were undertaken and were appropriate to the investigation, but some aspect of the quality, or the way in which the task was undertaken, was considered to be inadequate.
THE SIX MAJOR THEMES ON INVESTIGATIVE WEAKNESSES
5.Staffing and Resources
POSSIBLE CAUSES OF INVESTIGATIVE WEAKNESSES
1. Poor judgment
2.Lack of knowledge
3.Non-compliance with agreed processes/ procedures
4.Lack of resources