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Flashcards in Introduction To Criminal Investigation Deck (23)
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1

Provides the principle of three-fold aim of investigation

Investigation

2

Three fold-aim of investigation

1. To identify the suspect
2. To locate the suspect
3. To provide the evidence of guilt

3

If a crime is committed and the suspect is unidentified.

No case will be filed

4

The suspect has been identified but cannot locate (not apprehended, has never been arrested and not taken into custody)

The case can be filed through direct filing

5

The case when the suspect was identified, arrested and formally charged before the prosecutors office or competent court with appropriate jurisdiction

Solved case

6

The case when the suspect was identified, never arrested, not taken into custody and has been formally charged before the prosecutors office or competent court with appropriate jurisdiction

Cleared case

7

To determine if the suspect was lawfully arrested and if unlawful, it will be RFI , released for further investigation

Inquest proceeding

8

-commence of the effect of arrest
-Starts at booking of person with or without warrant
- Turnover to the desk officer

Reglementary period

9

-If the evidence will not suffice the allegation
-violation of reglementary period

Dismissal of case

10

Violation of reglementary period

Dismissal of case

11

Case filed by the person arrested to the police officer who could not suffice the evidence of allegation

Arbitrary detention
Illegal detention

12

Six cardinal points of investigation

What specific offense has committed
How the offense committed
Who committed it
Where the offense was committed
When it was committed
Why it was committed

13

Where the crime was committed
Ex. The hold up was declared in San Juan, San Juan has territorial jurisdiction of the case

Protocol 1. Jurisdictional Investigation by Unit concerned

14

Reglementary period

12, 18, 36 hours

15

After the suspect was apprehended, the reglementary period lapsed before the case was filed to office of prosecutors. Therefor, the suspect will be set free

Regular filing

16

After the suspect was apprehended, the suspect was brought to the office of the prosecutor to file the case before the reglementary period lapsed.

Direct filing

17

-5W and 1 H
-pink and blue
-entry number
-Facts of the case
-remarks/refer to barangay
-contains incident
-contains calamity incident

Protocol 2. Official Police Blotter

18

Dying Declaration
Who's duty?
-what is your name
-inform him the injury will cause his impending death
-ask him if he could recognize the offender

Protocol 4. Duties of the first responder

19

Sudden outburst

Rea gestae

20

Starts the Initial investigation
First hand information

First responder

21

Stages of death

Livor mortis
(Discoloration)
Rigor mortis
(stiffening of the body)
Cadaveric spasm
(stiffening of hand and jaw)

22

During apprehension he was apprised of his right

Protocol 6: Investigation of Suspects

23

Drug inventory and marking of evidence

In the crime scene