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Flashcards in Castles And Cathedrals Deck (50):
1

Iconostasis

A screen separating the choir from the congregation so that only their voices would be heard

2

Narhtex

The first part of the cathedral....entryhall

3

Aedificium

Latin for library

4

Crossing

Where everything comes together in the center of the church

5

Trancepts

Where the cross shape of the church intersects

6

West portals

Led to Narthex

7

Nave

Body of the church where the congregation gathered

8

Buttresses

Gothic props that held up the walls up so that they could soar higher

9

Aisle

Long row where the congregation could stand in the church

10

Gargoyle

An animal that sat outside of the church signifying that no evil resided inside the church; it had to stay outside

11

Facade

The outside of the cathedral

12

Close

Beautiful grounds...gardens

13

Chancel

Part of church near alter reserved for the choir or clergy

14

Apse

Area where the alter was kept facing the east

15

Ambulatory

Place in the church where the pope kept all his supplies for the sacraments

16

Timpanium

Entryway

17

Ladies chapel

Place where pope was buried

18

Moat

Ditch around a castle filed with water to keep out intruders
Sometimes filled with electric eels or alligators

19

Keep

Center household/tower in the middle of the castle

20

Romanesque cathedrals

Aix la Chapelle
Stephansdonplatz
Westminster

21

Gothic cathedrals

St. Denis
Notre Dame
Chatres & Bourges
Rheims
Amiens

22

Rayonnant cathedrals

Beauvais
Sainte-Chapelle
Toledo & Ely

23

Enemies

Muslim Occupation
Persian suzerainty
Byzantine imperialism
Brigands & highwaymen

24

Routes

Caravaneers
Navigation & Trade Leagues
Lone Explorers & wanderers

25

Holy sites

Local customs & taxes
Historic decrepitude
Hostile occupied territories

26

Inducements to pilgrimage

Rootedness
Theology
Adventure

27

Stephansdomplatz

977
Began to move mo towards gothic architecture

28

Westminster

1056
Represented the Norman style

29

Notre Dame

1163
Vast internal expanses
Used flying buttresses

30

Chatres & Bourges

Incorporated stained glass
Used light and shadow to accentuate layering
Triforium structure

31

Rheims

1211
Used bar tracery

32

Ameins

1220
Highest, longest, most advanced development of the gothic style

33

Beauvais

1220
Rose windows
Diaphanous walls

34

Toledo & Ely

(Toledo is the spanish impression)
Ely- sheer walls in Ladies' chapel

35

Tied to calling

People lived according to their calling
Family life was built around each persons calling

36

Covenant Community

Communities had unique cuisines and costumes...
Tied to a covenant of life together
Made great sense of pride

37

Penance and holiness

People lived quiet lives
They reinforced rootedness in faith

38

Healing and wholeness

People hungered for healing and wholeness
They believed that God would change the world
Looked at the positives
Lived progressively

39

Inspiration and aspiration

People lived lives of genuine chivalry
Chivalry inspired people to live lives of valor, truth, and beauty

40

Wander lust

People wanted to accomplish great things
They loved imagination and adventure
People longed to explore
WL= restlessness, people wanted to see things

41

Tales of the Troubadours

Troubadours told of magnificent places, making the villagers jealous, and want to travel

42

Trade, Exploration, and war

Trade and exploration made opportunities to grow
People began to be mobile
Travel became easier

43

Muslim occupation

Muslims were a great danger to pilgriming Christians
Christians who were brave enough to venture into Muslim territory were almost always captured or killed

44

Persian Suzerainty

Colonial possessions were spread over much of eastern Mediterranean

45

Byzantine Imperialism

Much pressure pushing the Byzantine between Christian and Muslim
Byzantines were very suspicious of people from the West

46

Brigands and Highwaymen

The pirates and highwaymen were very dangerous even beforee the muslims and byzantines
New trade routes opened, making pirates and highwaymen more common

47

Navigation and trade leagues

Trade leagues were new innovations in navigation
They made it easier to cross oceans

48

Caravaneers

Caravaneers brought back stories and art that made people want to travel
Venice and Geneva became launching pads
Explorers insighted more imagination
1000s of children left their families to go explore

49

Local customs and taxes

Heaps of stores lay untaken care of

50

Hostile occupied territories

There was no way to know who, what, where was trustworthy
People made their way through life without any outside help