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Flashcards in Midterm History Deck (25):

Identify and breifly explain the unique presuppositions of Christianity

Man is created in the image of God, and we are not gods ourselves (Imago Dei)
There are clear lines between right and wrong
We should put God first, not our own ambitions
Sovereign providence
Practice righteousness


5 Patriarchates

Jerusalem - Mother Church
Constantinople - Imperial See
Alexandria - Safeguard of Truth
Antioch - Fountain of Hope
Rome - First among equals


Describe the effect of the barbarian invasions on Imperial Rome

The Romans had built walls to keep the barbarians out, but the barbarians still got inside
The Roman Empire began to split apart and the east and west fought against each other
More communities were built and the urban houses became less desirable to live in because they were filled with crime. Barbarians were eventually allowed to join the army.


Describe why the Dark Ages might not really have been dark

Because the Dark Ages were when Christendom began!
The church flowered during the Dark Ages


Identify and describe the distinctive of the Byzantine Empire

1. Spiritual

2. Theological

3. Intellectual

4. Commercial

5. Artistic

6. Scientific

7. Military


What forces brought about the decline and fall of Byzantium?

The Turks invaded and took over the Byzantine Empire, eventually resulting in its fall


Briefly discuss the concept that ideas have consequences and include illustrations from lectures on Byzantium and Islam

All ideas and actions have consequences, whether immediatly or many years later. The Byzantine and Roman Empire both eventually fell


5 pillars of Islam

1. Shaha'da - profession of faith

2. Za'kat - almsgiving

3. Sa'lat - prayer

4. Sawm - fasting

5. Hajj - pilgrimage to Mecca


Why was Abraham important to the Islamic Faith?

Abraham's first sn went his own way and the Muslims believe that he was the first father of Islam, he started Islamic seperation between infidels and the faithful


Identify and explain the overall purpose of the Ecumenical Councils and creeds

The councils were made up of bishops and church leaders and would discern truth from heresy and fix the problems that arose in the church. They also unified the church and wrote a creed to make a common belief in the church rather that have separation


Heresy is almost right but not quite. Orthodxy is almost right but not yet. Breifly explain what this statement means.

Heresy is so close to the truth that sometimes it seems more appealing.
Orthodoxy will never be proven right until the end, when all truth is known


Who convened the 1st council? Where? What was its purpose?

To write a common statement of faith/creed for the church
So Constantine could bring Christianity into his rule


Identify and explain the 3 reforms of Charlemagne

Law - he reformed the law so that it would agree with Biblical standards, and made one universal law for all

Rule - He changed some of the government roles so that hs government would work more efficiently and justly

Church - he loined the church with the government and let them have their say in governmental issues. He also equipped the church to shar Jesus


Identify and briefly discuss the legacy and achievements of Alcuin

Alcuin had a passion for education. He established many schools and lectured in them. These schools prepared students for higher education and gave many people opportunities. The schools taught biblical standards and how to become great leaders.


Identify and explain Feudalism

Everyone is accountable to everyone else, which is how the feudal empire held together, but when someone dropped the ball everything apart feudalism was based on land and relationships.


List and explain the Song of Roland

The Song of Roland is a 'Song of Deeds'
It established a new definition of chivalry,
Instead of chivalry being related to knights and damsels in distress, the Song of Roland made it an honorable code of conduct for which everyone was held accountable


Explain how land and faith are related in the covenant God made with Abraham AND in Agrarian Feudalism.

1. Worship - the cathedral was in the center of the town which also signified that it should be at the cent of their lives. People could freely worship without being persecuted

2. Rest - People could live in peace, without worrying that they would be judged about what they did. The feudal land prospered because education was personal, not industrialized.

3. Calling - Men would work according to the gift that God gave them. chivalry was exercised all the time.


Identify and explain the development of trade in medieval times.

Trade and communication became more simple because of the development of more roads, trade routes, and transportation. People journeyed across lands and seas selling their wares
They advertised by calling their wares and by word of mouth
They sold at markets and fairs


Identify and explain the significant impact of troubadours on the development of medieval culture.

The troubadours developed language and vocabulary and brought important news about politics etc. to the townspeople as well as songs for entertainment.
They encouraged the code of chivalry through their songs and stories and grounded the Christian faith and the Gospel.
Their stories illustrated that the Gospel is true.


Identify and explain the development, design, and character of towns and cities in medieval culture

The cities were built around the cathedral/church as an illustration that Christ should be at the center of their lives
The cities were beautiful because the people found joy and pride in beautiful things and thought of it as their duty to keep things clean
The cities developed and prospered because of relationships and because everyone understood that each person was accountable to everyone else


Identify and explain the positive results of studying Moral Philosophy.

1. Identity

2. We get comfort in knowing that God if who He says He is

3. We find understanding in knowing that God is sovereign

4. Do not fear

5. We understand temptation will come but God won't let us be tempted

6. Take action to do what is right


Briefly explain Graeco-Roman contribution to the spread of Christianity

New Roads
Pax Romana
rule of law


12 virtues of chivalry

Integritas - trustworthy
Fidelitas - Loyal
Succerrere - helpful
Benevolus - friendly
Urbanus - courteous
Benignus - kind
Referre - obedient
Hilaris - cheerful
Frugalis - thrifty
Fortitudo - brave
Abulere - clean
Sanctus - reverent


Shotoku taishi

Born around 573 in Japan
Devout buddhist
Supposedly he was born near a stable painlessly. this is where he got the name Umayado no oji
When his aunt came to power after his father died. He became prince and regent of Japan.
He reformed roads, built buddhist temples,
Imitated China and resumed sending envoys to China
Wrote the seventeen article constitution of japan
Didn't become emperor before his death
Died of an unknown sickness



Religion externalized