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Flashcards in Cells Test Deck (48):
0

The study of the structure of an organism

Anatomy

1

Mass of protplasm the basic unit of structure of all animals and plants

Cell

2

The area of cell cytoplasm that contains two centrioles important in reproduction of the cell

Centrosome

3

The structure in the nucleus of a cell that contains chromosomes with genes which carry inherited characteristics

Chromatin

4

Body tissue that connect supports or binds organs

Connective tissue

5

The fluid inside a cell contains water proteins lipids carbohydrates minerals and salts

Cytoplasm

6

Insufficient amounts of fluid in the tissues

Dehydration

7

Swelling excess amount of fluid in the tissues

Edema

8

Fine network of tubular structures in the cytoplasm of a cell allows for transport of material in and out of the nucleus and aids in the synthesis and storage of protein

Endoplasmic recticulm

9

Tissue that forms the skin and parts of the secreting glands and that lines the body cavities

Epithetical tissue

10

That structure in the cytoplasm of a cell that produces stores and packages secretions for discharge from the cell

Golgi apparatus

11

Structures in the cytoplasm of a cell tht contains digestive enzymes to digest and destroy old cells bacteria and foreign matter

Lysosomes

12

The process of cell division that occurs in gametes or sex cells ovum and spermatozoa

Meiosis

13

Structures in a cell that provide energy and are involved in the metabolism of the cell

Mitochondria

14

Process of asexual reproduction by which cells divide into two identical cells

Mitosis

15

Body tissue composed of fibers that produce movement

Muscle tissue

16

Body tissue that conducts or transmits impulses throughout the body

Nerve tissue

17

The spherical body in the nucleus of a cell that is important in reproduction of the cell

Nucleolus

18

Structure that contains cell activities such as growth metabolism and reproduction

Nucleus

19

Body part made of tissues that have joined together to perform a special function

Organ

20

Structures in the cytoplasm of a cell including the nucleus mitochondria ribosomes lysosomes and Golgi apparatus

Organelles

21

Study of how disease occurs and the responses of living organisms to disease processes

Pathophysiology

22

Pocket like folds in the cell membrane that allow large molecules to enter the cell

Pinocytic vesicles

23

Thick viscous substance that is the physical basis of all living things

Protoplasm

24

A group of organs and other parts that work together to perform a certain function

System

25

A group of similar cells that join together to perform a particular function

Tissue

26

Basic substance of all life

Protoplasm

27

Outer protective covering of cell

Cell membrane

28

Study of form and structure organism

Anatomy

29

Controls many actives of the cell

Nucleus

30

Furnaces or powerhouse of the cell

Mitochondria

31

Fluid inside the cell

Cytoplasm

32

Located inside the nucleus and important in reproduction

Nucleolus

33

Tissues joined together for a particular function

Organ

34

Cells of same type join together

Tissue

35

Study of how disease occurs

Pathophysiology

36

Fatty tissue

Adipose

37

Nerve tissue function

Control and communicate

38

Epithelium tissue function

Secrete and protect

39

Muscle tissue function

Move and protect

40

Connective tissue function

Support and connect

41

6 functions of cells

Take in food and oxygen
Produce heat and energy
Move and adapt to the environment
Eliminate wastes
Perform special functions
Reproduce to create new identical cells

42

Skeletal function

Attaches to bones to provide movement

43

Cardia

Heart to beat

44

Visceral

Present in walls in walls of respitory digestive urinary tact and blood vessels

45

Body systems

Integumentary
Skeletal
Muscular
Nervous
Special senses
Circulatory
Lymphatic
Respiratory
Digestive
Urinary
Endocrine
Reproductive

46

Functions of fatty tissue

Stores fat as a food reserve
Insulates body
Acts as padding

47

Cartilage and bone tissue

Cartialage tough elastic material that is found between the bones of the spine and at the end of the long bone.
Bone tissue helps form the rigid structure of body