Vocab Muscluar System Flashcards Preview

Medical Termnology > Vocab Muscluar System > Flashcards

Flashcards in Vocab Muscluar System Deck (43):
0

A chronic disorder of unknown cause characterized by widespread aching pain tender points and fatigue

Fibromyalgia

1

Inflammation of a fascia

Fasciitis

2

Extreme slowness in movement

Bradykinesia

3

Move and control the flow of fluids through these structures

Smooth muscle

4

A band of fibrous tissue that holds structures together abnormally

Adhesion

5

Myoclonus of the diaphragm that causes the characteristic hiccup sound with each spasm known as hiccups

Singultus

6

An incision into or division of a sphincter muscle

Sphinterotomy

7

Movement toward the midline of the body

Adduction

8

Paralysis of both lower limbs due to spinal disease or injury

Paraplegic

9

A chronic progressive disease affecting the skeletal muscles that is characterized by muscle weakness and atrophy

Polymyositis

10

Nerve pain causes by pressure on the Spinal nerve roots

Radiculopathy

11

Delayed relaxation of a muscle after a strong contraction

Myotonia

12

To suture the end of a tendon to bone

Tenodesis

13

A sudden, violent involuntary contraction of a muscle or a group of muscles also known as a cramp

Spasm

14

Paralysis of both legs and the lower part of the body

Paraplegia

15

A specialist in the diagnosis and treatment of rheumatic diseases characterized by inflammation in the connective tissues

Rheumatologist

16

Decreasing the angle between two bones or bending a limb at a joint

Flexion

17

Abnormally increased motor function or activity known as hyperactivity

Hyperkinesia

18

Inflammation of tendons caught in the narrow space between the bones within the shoulder joint

Impingement syndrome

19

Abnormal shortening of muscle tissues making the muscle resistant to stretching

Contracture

20

Paralysis of all four extremities

Quadriplegia

21

Abnormal hardening of muscle tissue

Myosclerosis

22

Strain or tear of the posterior femoral muscles

Hamstring injury

23

An autoimmune disease in which there is an abnormality in the neuromuscular function causing episodes of muscle weakness

Myasthenia gravis

24

Surgical repair of a fascia

Fascioplasty

25

Weakness or slight paralysis of a muscle

Myoparesis

26

Degeneration of muscle tissue

Myolysis

27

A form of muscular dystrophy that is less severe than duchennes muscular dystrophy and does not appear until early adolescene or adulthood

Beckers muscular dystrophy

28

A servere

Duchennes md

29

Jerking

Nocturnal myoclonus

30

Suturing

Tenorrhaphy

31

Consistent

Hyperextension

32

Surgical removal

Myectomy

33

The act

Supination

34

Leg weakness

Claudication

35

Circular

Rotation

36

Study

Ergonomics

37

Elevation

Act of

38

Recording

Electromyography

39

Surgical

Tenoplasty

40

Difficulty

Dystaxia

41

Protrusion

Myocele

42

Inflammation

Carpal tunnel syndrome