Digestive Vocab Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Digestive Vocab Deck (50):
0

A temporary stoppage o internal peristalsis

Ileus

1

Telescoping of one part of the intestine into the opening of an immediately adjacent part

Intussusception

2

Twisting of the intestine on itself that cause an obstruction

Volvulus

3

An impairment of digestion

Dyspepsia

4

Difficulty in swallowing

Dysphagia

5

Regurgitation of stomach acid upward into the esophagus heartburn

Pyrosis

6

Pear shaped save located under the liver

Gallbladder

7

Secretes bile removes excess glucose

Liver

8

Feather shaped organ located posterior to behind the stomach

Pancreas

9

An overwhelming and irrational fee of leaving the familiar setting of home or venturing into the open

Aerophagia

10

Blisterlike sores caused by the herpes simplex virus that occrson the lips and adjacent tissue

Herpes labialis

11

The expelling of the contents of the stomach through the esophagus and out of the mouth

Emesis

12

The return of swallowed food into the mouth

Regurgitation

13

Protrusion of a small loop of bowel through a weak place in the lower abdominal wall or gron

Inguinal hernia

14

Surgical fixation of the rectum to an adjacent tissue or organ

Proctopexy

15

Surgical repair of the rectum

Proctoplasty

16

A surgical connection between two hollow or tubular structures

Anastomosis

17

Excessive flow of gastric secretions

Gastrorrhea

18

Rupture of the stomach

Gastrorrhexis

19

The presence of gallstones in the gallbladder or bile ducts

Cholelithiasis

20

Visual examination of the anal canal and lower rectum using a short speculum called an anoscope

Anoscopy

21

All of the process involved in the body's use of nutrients

Metabolism

22

The passage of black stools containing digested blood

Melena

23

Pain in the gallbladder

Cholecystalgia

24

Vomiting blood

Hematemisis

25

A laboratory test for hidden blood in the stools

Hemoccult

26

Enlarged and swollen veins at the lower end of the esphogus

Esophageal varices

27

Food poisoning that is characterized by paralysis and is often fatal

Botulism

28

The rumbling nose caused by the movement of gas in the intestine

Borborygmus

29

Surgical creation of an opening between the ileum at the end of the small intestine and the abdominal wall

Ileostomy

30

Surgical creation of the artificial opening into the stomach

Gastrostomy

31

A progressive degenerative disease of the liver characterized by disturbance of structure and function of the liver

Cirrhosis

32

The lack or loss of appetite for food

Anorexia

33

Removal of the pylorus of the stomach and the establishment of an anastomerly between the upper portion of the stomach and the duodenum

Gastroduodenostomy

34

Surgical creation of an opening between the colon and the body surface

Colostomy

35

A surgical formation of an opening into the intestine through the abdominal wall

Enterocolostomy

36

Inflammation of the gums that is the earliest stage of periodontal disease

Gingivitis

37

An excessive accumulation of fat in the body

Obesity

38

Inflammation of the ileum

Ileitis

39

Lips form the opening to the oral cavity

Labia

40

A complete stoppage or serious impairment of the passage of the intestinal contents

Intestinal obstruction

41

Enzyme found in gastric juices

Protease

42

Abnormally thin

Emaciated

43

Surgical removal of the gallbladder

Cholecystectomy

44

Yellow discoloration of the skin and other tissues caused by greater than normal amounts of bilirubin in the blood

Jaundice

45

Ring like muscle that controls the flow between the esophagus and the stomach

Cardiac sphincter

46

Medication administered to produce vomiting

Emetic

47

Peptic ulcers that occur in the stomach

Gastric ulcer

48

Study of diagnosing and treating disease and disorders of the stomach and intestines

Gastroenterology

49

Irregular ridges or folds in the mucous membrane and covers the anterior portion of the hard plate

Rugae