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Flashcards in Test Deck (35):
0

Ability to respond to a stimulus

Excitability

1

Ability to be stretched

Extensibility

2

Ability to become short and thick

Contrability

3

Ability to return to its original shape

Elasticity

4

Can control

Voluntary

5

Cannot control

Involuntary

6

Forms walls of the heart and contracts to circulate blood

Cardiac

7

Found in internal organs blood vessels and eyes

Visceral/smooth

8

Attached to bones and causes movement.

Skeletal

9

Functions of skeletal muscles

Attaches to bones to provide voluntary movement
Produces heart and energy for the body
Helps maintain posture
Protects internal organs

10

Ways skeletal muscles attach to bone

Tendons
Fascia a tough sheet like membrane that covers and protects the tissue

11

Muscle tone

A state of partial contraction

12

What occurs when muscles atrophy? What causes muscles to atrophy

Shrink n muscles not being used for a long time and illness

13

What is a contracture

A serve tightening of a flexor muscle resulting in bending of a joint

14

Joints affected by contractures

Fingers wrist knees and other joint

15

Muscle of upper arm that flexes lower arm

Biceps brachii

16

Cramps, are sudden painful involuntary movement

Muscle spasm

17

a group of inherited disease that lead to chronic progressive muscle atrophy

Muscular dystrophy

18

A chronic condition where nerve impulses are not properly transmitted to muscles

Myasthenia gravies

19

An overstretching of injury to a muscle or tendon

Strain

20

A chronic widespread pain in specific muscle sites. Treatment is directed toward pain relief and muscle relaxation

Fibromyalgia

21

Moves the arm away from the body

Abduction

22

Moves the arm toward the body

Adduction

23

Increases the angle of the elbow and moves the hand away from the body

Extension

24

Decreases the angle of the elbow and moves the hand toward the body

Flexion

25

A circular movement around an axis such as the shoulder joint

Rotation

26

Circular movement at the far end of a limb

Circumduction

27

The act of rotating the arm or the leg so that the palm of the hand sole of the foot is turned forward or upward

Supination

28

The act of rotating the arm or leg so that the palm of the hand or sole of the foot is turned downward or backward

Pronation

29

Pertaining to the sole of the foot

Plantar

30

Where the muscles begins and it is located nearest the midline of the body or on a less movable part of the skeleton

Origin

31

Where the muscle ends by attaching to a bone or tendon

Insertion

32

Occurs when inflamed and swollen tendons are caught in the narrow space between the bones within the shoulder joint

Impingement syndrome

33

Symptoms occur when the tendons that pass through the carpal tunnel are chronically overused and become inflamed and swollen

Carpal tunnel syndrome

34

An inflammation of the plantar fascia on the sole of the foot

Plantar fasciitis