Cerebral Arteries Flashcards Preview

Neurology > Cerebral Arteries > Flashcards

Flashcards in Cerebral Arteries Deck (32):
1

Where are the watershed areas of the brain?

Between 1. ACA and MCA

2. PCA and MCA

2

Wedge shaped infarc in a patient who is hypoxic?

Infarc to watershed areas

3

Contralateral paralysis and loss of sensation of the lower limb?

ACA

4

Contralateral paralysis and loss of sensation of the Upper limb and Aphasia?

MCA

5

A patient with unmanaged HTN that has contralaleral hemiparesis?

Lenticulostriate artery

6

Contralateral hemiparesis+ipsilateral hypoglossal dysfunction

Medial Medullary Syndrome=>ASA

7

Decreased Pain and Temp on the ipsilateral face and contralateral body

Decreased Gag reflex, dysphagia, hoarseness and ipsilateral horner's syndrome?

Lateral Medullary (Wallenberg) syndrome PICA "Don't PICA Horse that can't eat"

8

Paralysis of the face and decreased lacrimation and salivation

Lateral Pontine Syndrome AICA Facial Droop means AICA's pooped

9

Contralateral Hemianopia with macular sparing?

PCA

10

Loss of everything except eyes (Locked in syndrome)

Basilar Artery

11

Aneurysm of Anterior Communicating=> Symptoms?

Visual Field Defects via compression of optic chiasm

12

Complication of Anterior Commucating

Subarachnoid hemmorhage

13

CN3 palsy with an aneursym?

Posterior Communicating

14

Cerebral Perfusion is primarily driven by; In severe situations what takes over?

Pco2 PO2

15

CPP?

CPP=MAP-ICP

16

What is this?

Q image thumb

Saccular Aneurysm

17

All major Blood vessels are located in the?

Subarachnoid Space

18

HTN patients with stroke should look at what artery?

Leticulostriate artery

19

What are two reasons why saccular aneurysms occur?

ADPKD and Ehlers Danlos Syndrome

20

Epidural Hematoma is associated with middle meningeal artery, where is this from?

maxillary artery

21

Subdural Hematoma CT?

Cresent Shaped

22

Epidural CT?

Lens shaped

23

Bleed at the bottom of the brain with Bloody or yellow (xanthochromic) spinal tap. 2–3 days 

Subarachnoid hemorrhage

24

worst headache of my life?

Subarachnoid hemorrhage

25

Intraparenchymal (hypertensive) hemorrhage that involves the Charcot-Bouchard aneurysm of lenticulostriate vessels most commonly occurs? How about Intracerebral hemorrhage?

basal ganglia ; Same

26

Irreversible damage occurs after?

5 minutes of hypoxia. 

27

Most easily damaged places in the brain?

hippocampus, neocortex (3, 5, 6)

28

Compared to MI 1 Day 1 month 1 year, what is different?

Earliest Change?=>Red Neuron

After 1 month=>Gliosis and cyst formation

29

Use of tPA can lead to?

Risk of hemorrhage

30

numbness and tingling that resolves in minutes?

TIA

Tx: with aspirin

31

In thrombotic stroke MC site? Red or Pale Stroke?

MCA; Pale

32

In embolic stroke MC site? Red or Pale Stroke?

Red

Embolic strokes are lysed=>red