Flashcards in Meningitis Deck (39):
Name the top 3 MCC of meningitis in the newborn.
Group B streptococci
MCC of meningitis in 6 months to 6 years?
How does N. Meningitidis enter into the brain?
Enters via nasopharynx=>blood=>Brain
MCC of meningitis in Teens?
For adults, MCC of Meningitis?
MCC of viral meningitis?
Enteroviruses (esp. coxsackievirus)
MCC of HIV meningitis?
MCC of unimmunized children?
What has reduced greatly with introduction of conjugate H. Influ vaccine?
H. Influ Meningitis
Stick Needle in between where?
For bacterial, CSF would show?
For Fungal, CSF would show?
For Viral, CSF would show?
All are normal except increased Lymphocytes
Complications of meninigitis is most likely seen in?
What are these complications?
Herniation, Hydrocephalus, hearing loss
Treatment of Meningitis?
Ceftriaxone, vancomycin and add ampillcin if listeria is present
L3-L5 is at the level of
Neisseria meningitidis can lead to wide spread?
DIC, Petechial rash, Adrenal Hemorrhage
Meningitis vaccine cover all capsules except?
Does Meningitidis ferment just glucose?
No, Maltose and Glucose
Two main virulence factor of Meningitidis?
HIV patient with headache and fever?
Cryptococcus is most commonly found in?
Virulence factor of Cryptococcus?
Thick Polysaccharide capsule (repeating antigen)
Budding yeast with thick capsule?
Where does Cryptococcus first affect?
What do you see in an x-ray with Cryptococcus?
SOAP Bubble lesions
(SOAP BUBBLE on mummy)
Two tests to get Cryptococcus?
Latex Agglutinins (Latex gloves)
India Ink (Milwaukee Bucks)
Tx of Cryptococcus?
Collection of students/Army recruits?
Kidney Bean-Shaped Gram neg. Cocci?
What in Nessieria Meningitidis causes death?
LOS outer membrane lipooligosaccharide
MCC of bacterial meningitis?
Narrow Zone of ß-Hemolysis?
Listeria Monocytogenes description?
Does Listeria grow well in Cold Temperatures?
In what way does Listeria get into the body?
Cheese, unpasteurized milk
Tx of Meningitis?
Ceftriaxone (think Meningitidis) and ampicillin